The wage gap is only one of the discriminations suffered by women in the labor market with respect to men. There are other gaps. One of them is access to jobs. A woman in equal conditions that a man has 30% less options than a man to participate in a selection process when they have sent a resume to the same company and for the same job offer. This is the main conclusion of an article of the La Caixa social observatory presented this Wednesday.
The three authors of the research sent more than 5,600 résumés to nearly 1,400 job offers. They gave two résumés practically the same to companies with a different variable: sex. The qualification and number of children, two, were the same; also age, from 37 to 39 years, "above there is a clear risk of age discrimination," clarified one of the authors of the study, María José González, Pompeu Fabra University.
Given the different job offers, systematically, women in all variables received fewer calls than men, "the authors continued, explaining that they sent curricula to 18 types of occupations that fit different variables: qualification, more or less feminized, with more or less ability to make decisions In the whole, the probability that a man receives a call in response to his application for employment is 10.9% compared to 7.7% in the case of women, that is, there is a difference close to 30%.
When the different variables are segregated, the gap changes, although a constant is maintained: men have more options to receive the call from the department of human resources claiming their participation. For example, if the candidates do not have children, men have an 11.5% chance of participating in the selection process compared to 8.8% in the case of women; when there are children, the percentages are 10.3% for them and 6.6% for them. That is, for the latter assumption, the probabilities of women were 35.9% lower.
One point emphasized by the two researchers participating in the presentation, Jorge Rodríguez-Menés and María José González, based on the widening of the difference, is that it is observed that while for women, motherhood is a burden at the time of looking for a job, in the case of men, is a reward.
The researchers have clarified that the job offers were real, but the CVs that were sent were not. The telephones that were provided were of students who upon receiving the call for the interview excused themselves saying that they already had a job.