He Spanish Committee of Representatives of Persons with Disability (Cermi) and the Cermi Women Foundation (FCM) demand the impulse of appropriate strategies that serve to mitigate the “great evil of social isolation, which devastates people with disabilities. ”
This way the Cermi picks it up in the published manifest on the occasion of International and European People's Day with Disability, which this year the entity has prepared with the motto ‘SOS loneliness, I also count’, in which he warns that “unwanted loneliness is one of the scourges of advanced so-called societies. Women and men with disabilities face in their day-to-day situations of social isolation, of separation from community life, which cause greater doses of forced solitude. ”
The lack of accessibility of environments, products and services; the impossibility or extreme difficulty of exercising fundamental rights; forced inactivity; the extended absence of support for effective personal autonomy; reside in media with a shortage of resources due to the poor and unequal distribution of them, such as rural, and the survival in the social imaginary of reluctant and negative attitudes about the value of people with disabilities are some of the causes that produce and aggravate situations of unwanted loneliness among people with disabilities.
Among people with disabilities, those who suffer the greatest risk of living alone are the elderly; childhood victim of violence; people with intellectual and developmental disabilities; with mental health problems; with disabilities arising in adulthood or in old age, and in general, those with great support needs.
Thus, factors such as age, type of disability, origin and place of residence, among others, cause more loneliness. All of the above is multiplied, if it is women with disabilities.
According to the available sociological studies, more than 20% of people with disabilities live alone and 38% or of these people live in unwanted loneliness. 74% of people with disability living alone are women, so that loneliness "has a woman's face".
To end this situation, Cermi raises the need to fulfill the mandates of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability, whose axis is inclusion and community life. In addition, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set as one of their priorities "do not leave anyone behind."
Among the concrete measures proposed by the representative platform of disability in Spain to fight against unwanted loneliness among people with disabilities, the provision of full accessibility of the environments, products and services of interest, starting with housing, is worth noting. there are additional difficulties of social participation. Also, claim a state strategy of inclusion in the community that allows institutionalized people to live according to their own desires and preferences, taking advantage of inclusive life formulas in the community.
Cermi also asks to bet on the momentum of the employability of people with disability; promote measures to support personal autonomy; implement awareness campaigns to eliminate stereotypes about people with disabilities, and have support programs for families of people with disabilities.
The fight against bullying because of disability; harness the potential of new technologies for the accompaniment and empowerment of elderly people with disabilities; favor the social volunteering of people with disabilities; create one national strategy for inclusive rural development; improve the training of professional teams of public services so that they know how to detect situations of loneliness; have accessible information on existing resources for people with solitude, and make studies that analyze in depth the situations of loneliness among people with disability These are other proposals of the Cermi movement to mitigate this problem.