While the Government has begun to explain the orientation of the future ‘trans law’ the fight for the rights of this group he regains strength. The LGTB + world fervently defends that genitals do not determine a person’s identity or their way of presenting themselves to the world. And that being a man or being a woman does not depend only on genitalia. These are some of the key terms to understand the claims of trans people (and the debate that, these days, is being generated around them).
What is a cis person? And a trans person?
So let’s start with the basics. A cis person is one who feels identified with the sex and gender that they have been assigned at birth. That is, a person who, for example, is born with a penis and identifies with the label of man. A trans person is one who, on the contrary, does not feel identified with the sex or gender they were assigned at birth. This is the case, for example, of a person who is born with a penis, is labeled as a man during a stage of his life but who, in reality, identifies as a woman. The struggle of trans people consists of claiming their gender identity. Whatever your genitalia, gender identity, gender expression and biological sex
Gender identity, gender expression and biological sex are three different issues, claim LGBT + activists. These are three independent concepts that may (or may not) be related. And that, in addition, they are not static.
The gender identity refers to subjective perception that an individual has about himself as to his own gender. That is, if one identifies (or not) with the roles of man or woman. These categories, far from being two opposite poles, are also framed within a much broader range. There is no one way to be male or female. Because these concepts vary depending on the social context (and the current stereotypes in each era). And because, beyond these categories, there is also a spectrum of other identities. This is the case, for example, of people of non-binary gender, who do not identify only as men or as women.
The gender expression, on the contrary, refers to the way in which a person expresses himself before the world following (or not) certain social and aesthetic canons. This category includes physical appearance, way of dressing and even behavior, which can be perceived according to what we understand by masculine, feminine, androgynous (with characteristics of both) or neutral.
The Biological sex is the set of characteristics traditionally assigned to one sex or another. That is, chromosomes, hormones, genitalia and, in general, the anatomical features with which males and females are designated. Although, in reality, there are more and more voices within the scientific and medical community that question the existence of only two rigid categories to describe sex and advocate a much broader spectrum.
Depathologize the trans condition
One of the main demands of the trans collective is to depathologize their condition. That is, remove the link between your gender identity and a mental disorder. Transsexualism was classified as a mental disorder in the 1980s and has remained with that label until 2018, when the World Health Organization updated its manual on the matter. The problem is that, today, in Spain it is still necessary to go through diagnostic processes (or studies on gender identity) and hormonalization to begin the legal transition process (in which, for example, the name change is achieved ).
These same pages explain the case of Àlex, a trans man who has just given birth to his son. He is a man. It is identified as such. And so he presents himself to the world. His reproductive organs, which have allowed him to father a biological child, do not determine his identity. “Why should I be considered less of a man for having conceived my son?“, he reflects himself when narrating his story.
The point is that gender identity, gender expression and biological sex do not have to be related. A person can identify with the label of a woman and appear to the world with a masculine appearance, even if he has a vagina. Another person can identify with the label of man and show himself to the world as such, even if he has a vagina. And another person can identify as a woman and show herself to the world as such, even if she does not have a vagina. LThe genitals neither determine the identity of a person nor the way they present themselves to the world.