The president of the General Assembly of the United Nations, the Ecuadorian Maria Fernanda Espinosa, highlighted on Friday the need to collect 100,000 million dollars every year for the fight against climate change in developing countries.
"The small island developing States, such as Cuba, the most vulnerable countries in the global south, mostly require certain means, sufficient and necessary resources, to deal with climate change," Espinosa said in an interview with Efe. in Havana, where he is on an official visit until Saturday.
Specifically, he urged UN members to make their contributions in the fight against climate change in the form of "the $ 100 billion per year we agreed upon at the Conference of the Parties in Cancun, transfers of low carbon technologies and institutional capacity. "
"Developing countries play their part, but they have to have the tools, the means, to implement the Paris Agreement," he said, referring to the global pact signed in 2016 in the French capital in which the states pledged to take measures to alleviate the global increase in temperature since 2020.
After a visit to Mexico, the ex-chancellor of Ecuador (2017-2018) arrived on Wednesday afternoon to the Cuban capital, where she met with local authorities, including a bilateral meeting with the president, Miguel Díaz-Canel, who in April last year he assumed the command of the country in relief of Raúl Castro.
Of the appointment with Díaz-Canel, which he described as "very profitable and quite extensive", Espinosa highlighted that there was "a great alignment of the priorities and development objectives of Cuba and the 2030 agenda" and praised the Cuban Executive's plan for combat climate change, called Life Task.
He described this initiative as "an interministerial and intersectoral effort" and said that "there is a lot of coincidence in the agendas" of Cuba and the UN, which "is there to serve, accompany and support" the ecological and social advances of the 193 member countries.
Regarding the role in the fight against climate change in the United States, which produces more than 20% of global emissions, the leader of the UN General Assembly was optimistic despite the fact that President Donald Trump announced in 2017 the withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.
"The interesting thing is to see how hundreds of cities and states in the US, like California, have committed to the Paris Agreement and want to do their thing, and that's important because most emissions come from cities because of the use of fossil fuels, "he said.
Espinosa believes that this decentralized adhesion to the agreement in the North American country "is a great engine and will allow that country with a large carbon footprint to do its job well, if not from above horizontally."
Asked about the economic embargo that the US imposed on Cuba for almost 60 years, the leader of the UN reiterated its stance against this measure and urged both parties to star in "a dialogue like the one that started in the recent past and began to bear fruit", in reference to the "thaw" during the end of Barack Obama's term.
"It is dialogue that can lead to a definitive solution to this issue that lasts several decades and has put at risk the right to development of the Cuban people," he concluded.