The marital dissolution demands -marital annulments and separations or divorces, both by mutual agreement and not agreed- have been reduced by 34% in the courts of the Canary archipelago between the last year prior to the start of the world Economic crisis -2007- and last year, according to data released Wednesday by the Statistical Service of the General Council of the Judiciary.
The civil judicial bodies of the islands in 2007, a total of 7,428 claims of marital dissolutions were computed, and in the last year, 2019, they recorded 5,536, 34% less, according to official data.
Over the past year, the insular judicial office computed 5,536 marital breakdown demands, 2.7% less than in 2018, the year in which 5,691 processes of dissolution of married couples were processed in the Canary Islands.
The most common way in the islands to break ties is a consensual divorce. Last year, in the archipelago 73 non-consensual separations were computed (2.7% less than in 2018), 116 consensual separations (23.4% more than the previous year), 2,412 divorces not agreed (-3.6%), 2,929 divorces by consensus (-2.9%) and 6 nullities (+ 6%)
By provinces, Las Palmas last year 2,774 rupture processes were computed, and Santa Cruz of Tenerife, 2,762.
At the national level, the demands for marriage dissolution filed during 2019 totaled 109,567, which represents a decrease of 1.9 percent compared to those presented in 2018. This downward trend has been repeated continuously since 2015 according to the data collected for him Statistical Service of the General Council of the Judiciary.
During 2019, all forms of marital dissolution declined. The 62,020 divorce lawsuits by consensus they are 0.4 percent less than in 2018; 42,826 lawsuits for contentious divorce, 3.6 percent less; 3,210 of consensual separation, 5.4 percent less; and 1,511 contentious separation, 7.6 percent less. Regarding the nullity demands, 100 were filed, for the 134 filed in 2018.
The highest number of dissolution demands per 1,000 inhabitants (data obtained by relating the number of marriage dissolution demands of the total of the year with the population as of January 1, 2019) has been given in the Valencian Community, with a total of 26.7. They are followed by Balearic Islands, with 26.5; Canary Islands, 25.7; Andalusia, 24.3; Catalonia, 24; Asturias, 23.7 and Murcia, 23.6. All these territories exceed the national average, which is 23.3 dissolution demands per 1,000 inhabitants.
On the contrary, the lowest quotas have been given in Castile and Leon, with 18.4; Basque Country, 19.7 and Estremadura, 20.8.
In 2019, 12,166 demands for modification of consensual matrimonial measures were filed, 7 percent more than the previous year; as for the demands of modification of non-consensual matrimonial measures, increased 3.8 percent compared to 2018, reaching the total amount of 34,949. The demands related to custody and food custody measures of consensual non-marital children amounted to 19,716, representing 2.3 percent more than in 2018; the non-consensual ones were 28,364, 0.6 percent more than in the previous year.
Fourth quarter data
In the fourth quarter of 2019, the number of claims for marital dissolutions fell by 2.5 percent compared to the same quarter of 2018. Also in this case the decrease It has been widespread in all forms of marital dissolution.
The 16,581 consensual divorce lawsuits they were 0.6 percent less than those filed in the same quarter of 2018. The 11,761 undisputed divorce lawsuits, 4.3 percent less. Regarding the separation demands, the consensual ones, of which 824 have been submitted, have decreased by 8.8 percent compared to 2018; and the 397 not agreed represent 10.2 percent less than those presented the previous year. The number of nullity claims, 30 in total, has been 11.8 percent lower than those filed in the fourth quarter of 2018.
In relation to the demands of matrimonial dissolution of the total of the year with the population at January 1, 2019, it is observed that the largest number of dissolution demands per 1,000 inhabitants has also occurred in this case in the Valencian Community, with 7 ,4. It is followed by the Balearic Islands, with 7.2; La Rioja, 7; Andalusia, Canary Islands and Castilla la Mancha with 6.6; Cantabria, 6.5; and Murcia, 6.4. All exceed the national average, which is 6.3 demands per 1,000 inhabitants.
On the contrary, the lower rates they have occurred in Castilla y León, with 4.7; Aragon and Extremadura, with 5.4; Basque Country, 5.5 and Navarra, 5.6.
All demands for modification of measures, both matrimonial and non-matrimonial, with the exception of the modifications of non-consensual non-matrimonial measures, have shown year-on-year increases compared to the fourth quarter of 2018.
The demands for modification of consensual measures, of which 3,323 have been submitted, have increased 7.1 percent; and the demands for modification of non-consensual measures, 9,291, have increased by 2.5 percent compared to the same quarter of 2018.
The modifications of custody, custody and food measures of consensual non-marital children, 5,269, have had a year-on-year increase of 3.9 percent; while the non-consensual, 7,763, have shown a decrease of 1.2 percent.