The coronavirus has subjected the world to a health crisis that will mark an era. After exploding in China a few months ago, the covid-19 has managed to spread to all continents, although it has been primed especially in Europe and the United States, already becoming the epicenter of infections. After frightening the Asian giant, Italy was the European power that received the greatest onslaught of cases, although these have multiplied exponentially in Spain in recent days to the point of the alarm state has been prolonged. These are the most relevant data of the day:
Figures of infected and deceased in Spain
The cases of coronavirus registered in Spain they rise to a total of 195,944, representing an increase of about 4,218 infected in the last 24 hours, according to the latest official count by the Ministry of Health, made public this Sunday, April 19. The Community of Madrid, with more than 51,000 infected, is the autonomous region with the most infected with covid-19.
The number of deceased has risen to 20,453, of which more than a third are concentrated in Madrid. On the positive side, 77,357 patients have been discharged. In any case, it should be borne in mind that as regards the number of infected, the Health data is usually somewhat lower than the real data, since the regional departments always have more up-to-date data.
After Madrid, Catalonia is the community with the most infections:
The decree of the state of alarm in Spain establishes that people must stay at home and only in these cases will they be able to circulate on public roads (always individually, unless accompanied by people with disabilities, minors, elders, or other just cause):
– Acquisition of food, pharmaceuticals and basic necessities
– Assistance to health centers, services and establishments
– Travel to the workplace to carry out their work, professional or business provision
– Return to the place of habitual residence
– Assistance and care for the elderly, minors, dependents, people with disabilities or especially vulnerable people
– Travel to banks and insurance offices
– Due to force majeure or need situation
– Any other activity of a similar nature (such as walking the dog)
In the framework of the limitation of freedom of movement linked to the state of alarm, some of the prohibited activities are:
– Walk, go for a run or to the gym, as well as bathe on the beach
– Go out with minors to a neighboring patio or other common area. Neither adults nor children can stay on the rooftop or play on a community patio
– Visit family or friends (except to serve elderly, dependent or vulnerable people)
– Go to eat at a bar or restaurant (these businesses can only serve food at home)
– Go to entertainment venues (must be closed)
The Council of Ministers approved on March 17 an economic and social shock plan to deal with the coronavirus crisis in Spain, which includes a set of economic emergency measures. The total cost will be around 200,000 million euros, as reported by the Government of Pedro Sánchez. These are the 10 most outstanding measures:
Mortgage moratorium. Approval of a moratorium on the payment of mortgages to people who have reduced their income or are unemployed due to the coronavirus.
Payment of supplies. Moratorium on the payment of basic supplies (water, electricity and gas) to vulnerable groups.
Social bonus. Automatic extension until September of the social bonus to beneficiary households.
Attention to elderly and dependent people. Creation of a specific contingency fund to reinforce care for the elderly, homeless and in nursing homes and dependents. Some 300 million euros will be allocated.
Flexibility of municipal spending. Relaxation of the spending rule so that municipalities can use their surplus if they invest it in social care items such as care for dependency, social services and all kinds of social problems associated with the coronavirus crisis. Some 300 million euros will be allocated.
ERTE authorization. The ERTE authorization process (temporary employment regulation files) will be streamlined. They will be considered made by force majeure and will be handled quickly.
Collection of unemployment in case of ERTE. Unemployment benefit guarantee in case of ERTE. All workers affected by these procedures will have the right to collect unemployment even if they do not meet the minimum contribution period required for it. In addition, the time the perception of this benefit lasts (counter to zero) will not be considered consumed.
Extension of unemployment benefit. Automatic extension of unemployment benefits. No one will lose their rights because they cannot go to the employment offices.
Boost to telework. Facilitate teleworking through an “important” allocation to companies for the purchase of computers, while allowing workers to adapt or reduce their workday to care for their dependents, making it possible to reduce 100% of the day.
Help with family care. Right to family care for all workers without being sanctioned or dismissed (reduction of working hours even up to 100% or reorganization for family care up to second grade -grandchildren and grandparents-).
Pedro Sánchez’s government also approved several measures on March 31 to guarantee the housing of tenants affected by the crisis. These are the rental aids for coronavirus:
Microcredits to pay the rent. The State makes microcredits available to tenants of small landowners at interest rates 0 so that people who are in a vulnerable situation can pay the rent.
Great owners: take away 50%. Large homeowners -funds, socimis and real estate- must carry out a 50% reduction or a debt restructuring in 3 years.
The State will pay the rent to the most vulnerable (people who remain vulnerable after the crisis). Up to 900 euros per month and 200 euros for the payment of supplies, maintenance, etc.
Extension of leases. Extraordinary 6-month extension of the rental contracts for the habitual residence to avoid abusive increases.
Suspension of evictions. The Executive orders the suspension of evictions without housing alternative for six months after the end of the state of alarm.
The Government of Spain has established the control of land borders to decrease the risk of spread of the coronavirus. The restriction will last until the alarm state ends. Until that time, only Spanish citizens, residents of Spain, cross-border workers, and those who document documentary reasons of force majeure or situation of need can access the national territory.
The closure of land borders will not affect the transport of goods to secure the supply chain. Nor to members of diplomatic and consular offices. Spaniards who are out of the country at this time may return. It does not affect Gibraltar or Andorra.
Closed colleges, institutes and universities
Kindergartens, schools, institutes and universities remain closed throughout Spain at least during the period of validity of the state of alarm, although it is very likely that this period should be extended.
Situation in China and other countries
While in China the thrust of the coronavirus subsides, in the US the epidemic is advancing and in Italy the data have not yet given rise to hope. The latest information indicates that the number of infected continues to grow rapidly.