The COP25 of the climate of Madrid is heading its last hours with negotiations "in extremis" and with the possibility of having to "go to extra time" until Saturday morning, something usual in the twenty-five years of history of these international meetings.
The Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, recalled it in an interview with the EFE Agency, when he pointed out that the summits are closed at the last moment and it is still possible to obtain relevant results. Madrid does not seem to be the exception.
The "tensions" in the COP25 negotiations, pointed out Thursday the acting Spanish minister for the Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera, focus on the disparity of positions of delegates on the pace of their climate ambition.
And, if there are words that have been repeated in these twelve days of Climate Summit, these are those of "raising the ambition", although these terms were not discussed in the negotiations.
The regulation of carbon markets (Article 6 of the Paris Agreement) has been one of the cornerstones. A desirable agreement, although not essential at this time, according to sources of the negotiations, which consider the absence of it to be a bad agreement.
The recognition, for the first time, of the critical importance of the oceans as an integral part of the Earth's climate system for both mitigation and adaptation would be – if the drafting of the working groups is finally maintained – one of the achievements, In addition to advances in financing mechanisms such as the green climate fund.
And it is that "time is running out", motto of this conference, has never been so present in the interventions of political leaders, scientists, businessmen and environmental organizations, among others.
In less than twenty days 2020 will start and, with the new year, the full entry into force of the Paris Agreement against climate change and with it the new upward national targets for reducing emissions to be presented by countries.
Also the EU, which from the European Commission, launched this week in the ministerial phase its New Green Agreement to achieve carbon decarbonization and climate neutrality in 2050.
Organized "admirably" in just three weeks, said Guterres, when these appointments are usually planned a year in advance, the COP25 in Madrid is expected to remain as a summit that has driven multilateralism in the face of the climate crisis and has helped to raise ambition and permeate all sectors.
A summit that is already known as the COP of Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old young Swedish activist who focused media attention.
Greta joined the "March for Climate" and, along with 500,000 people in the streets of Madrid, demanded political action in the face of climate crisis and justice.
A COP in which the official mission of the United States – the main per capita emitter of CO2 and that has formally requested its withdrawal from the Paris Agreement – has not played a prominent role, something that has contrasted with the "alternative delegation" to the federal government , to show that there are many Americans who are still there in the climate struggle.
But it has also been the COP of actor Harrison Ford, singer Alejandro Sanz, Antonio Guterres, the head of the acting Spanish Government Pedro Sánchez, the Chilean minister Carolina Schmidt or the executive secretary of the UN Convention Patricia Espinosa.
Also from former US vice president and Nobel laureate Al Gore, US congressional president Nancy Pelosi, democrat and billionaire candidate Michael Bloomberg or former secretary of state John Kerry and many other anonymous names that have raised their voices for the planet and the COP of the Just Transition and climate neutrality, in which, by the way, this last and predictably marathon final day is focused.
. (tagsToTranslate) COP25 (t) faces (t) negotiations (t) extremis (t) day