More convictions and fewer complaints of gender violence. This is one of the main data that shows, for the second consecutive quarter, the quarterly statistics of the year of the Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence, dependent on General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ). As happened between January and March of this year, from April 1 to June 30, criminal sentences for sexist violence increased (13,384, compared to 13,230 in the same period of 2017), of which 68.4% (9,149) ) were condemnatory, which means an increase of 1.2 points with respect to the sentences handed down in the second quarter of 2017, which represented 67.2% of the total.
This increase in sentence is more significant if one takes into account that Last year's data was already three points higher than in 2016, in which 64.4% of sentences ended in conviction. According to statistical data released Wednesday by the Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence, the highest percentage of convictions occurred in the courts of violence against women, with 85.8%, followed by the Provincial Courts, with 83.6%. 58.6% of the sentences handed down by the criminal courts were also condemnatory. All these figures suppose increases of between one and two points with respect to those of the same quarter of the previous year.
The second of the highlighted data, the decrease in complaints, is also more pronounced when compared with data from two years ago. Between April and June 2017, 42,077 complaints of gender violence were filed in Spanish courts. These complaints represent 40,232 victims (some denounce more than once) and represent a decrease of 1.4% over the same quarter of the previous year, which were 42,689 (representing 40,336 victims). But that 2017 figure implied a rise of 18% regarding the number of complaints in the second quarter of 2016. That is to say, although between April and June of this year the complaints have fallen somewhat, the number of complaints and that of women victims remains very high compared to two years ago.
Of the total victims of the second quarter of this year, 27,477 women were Spanish (68.3%) and 12,755 were foreign (31.7%), which still implies an overrepresentation of the foreign population with respect to its demographic weight.
According to the statistics of CGPJ, the largest percentage of women victims of sexist violence with respect to the total population is presented by the communities of the Balearic Islands and Comunidad Valenciana, with a ratio for every 10,000 inhabitants of 26.13 and 22.14, respectively. The lowest ratio was in Castilla y León, with 10.25, Extremadura, with 11 and Galicia, with 11.50.
More than 67% of the complaints were filed by the victim herself, directly in court or in the police, which is a decrease of two points over the percentage observed in the second quarter of last year. The complaints by direct intervention of the police are in 16% of the cases -data slightly higher than the previous year-, while in the statistics there is an important increase in the complaints filed by relatives directly before the judicial organs (152 to 99 from the previous year). This is a fact that experts usually value in a positive way because it supposes a greater involvement of the family environment in the situation suffered by the victim. However, the percentage, including family complaints to the police (747, compared to 727 the previous year), is still still low, just 2.14% of the total.
Just over 9% of the complaints registered in the judicial bodies were due to injuries reported by the health services and 5.2% to complaints filed by health care services and third parties.
Victims who accepted the dispensation not to declare
In 4,426 cases, the victim accepted the legal dispensation to the obligation to testify as a witness, provided for in article 416 of the Criminal Procedure Law, which represents 11% of the number of female victims, a figure slightly higher than the same quarter of the previous year, which was 10.3%. In 2,891 cases, the women who accepted the exemption were Spanish and in 1,535 cases, they were foreigners. When these figures are compared with the total number of women victims, it is observed that the ratio of female victims who receive the waiver is higher in foreign women (12.03) than in Spanish women (10.52), a situation which reflects the greater vulnerability of foreigners in the face of possible pressures from the aggressor or his family. If the victim refuses to testify, the main evidence for the trial against the abuser is lost in most cases.
During the second quarter of the year 11,279 orders of protection were requested in the judicial bodies, thus reducing the figure of 11,776 orders requested in the same period of the previous year.
A total of 9,906 orders (which also include the protection and safety measures of the victims) were requested in the courts of violence against women, which represents a decrease of 3.28% compared to the second quarter of 2017, in which They requested 10,242 protection orders.
Of that total of orders requested, the courts of violence against women granted 67.8% (6,714 adopted compared to 9,906 applied for), a figure similar to that of the first quarter of the previous year (67.9% of the orders granted).
Of the orders of protection requested in the courts of violence against women, 6,728 (68%) corresponded to Spanish women and 3,178 to foreign women. 219 protection orders corresponded to underage women, 2% of the total. As for the orders of protection requested in the courts of guard (1,373), 1,021 were agreed, 74%.
The judicial bodies also adopted in the second quarter of the year, and derived from protection orders and other precautionary measures, a total of 4,267 civil measures to protect women and / or minors victims of gender violence. This figure is somewhat higher than that of the same period last year (4,138 measures adopted). Of these civil measures, the number of housing allocation measures (1,145) and food provision (1,357) stands out. In 345 cases, the judge suspended custody and custody and in 194 cases the visiting regime was suspended.
With regard to criminal protection measures, 16,272 were agreed (compared to 16,217 in the same quarter of the previous year), of which the restraining order, adopted in 6,194 cases and the communication ban, agreed in 6,206 cases, stand out. 352 custodial measures were also adopted.
This increase in protection measures is one of the positive data highlighted by the president of the Observatory, Ángeles Carmona, after the dissemination of the quarterly statistics. Carmona has also underlined "The consolidation" of the tendency to increase sentences to abusers, a fact that, he assured, reflects that "there is no impunity and the rule of law works."