The Government of Ecuador adopted on Saturday a "curfew" in the metropolitan district of Quito, a controversial measure that takes place amid intense protests in the capital of the country and when a space for dialogue between indigenous protesters began to open and the Executive.
With that scenario, Professor Ramiro Aguilar said that the "curfew" in Quito, decreed this afternoon by the country's president, Lenin Moreno, could justify a scenario of "selective detentions."
"The curfew aims to sharpen the repression," Aguilar told Efe and noted that this decision extends an earlier measure that restricted the mobility of people in the country at night, between ten at night and five in the early morning in some areas adjacent to public institutions or others considered strategic.
"Now it is general" and not only a restriction to certain spaces, but throughout the city and in the surrounding valleys of the capital, added the lawyer and academic, who recalled that it is the first time in the history of Quito that It dictates a measure of this nature and magnitude.
President Moreno decreed the "curfew" and "militarization" in the metropolitan district of Quito to help security forces quell protests this Saturday.
"I have arranged the curfew and militarization of the Metropolitan District of Quito and valleys. It will begin to govern at 3:00 p.m. (8:00 p.m. GMT). This will facilitate the action of the public force against the intolerable excesses of violence," the president said in a message via social networks.
According to Aguilar, in practice the "curfew" was a measure applied by dictatorial regimes such as those of Augusto Pinochet, in Chile, and Jorge Videla, in Argentina.
In these processes, the military installed traveling checkpoints to requisition people and there they selected those who should be detained according to the objectives of those governments.
In Quito, then, "military checkpoints can be assembled where" the identity of the people will be verified and those who do not consider themselves dangerous will be allowed, added the lawyer, insisting that this measure discriminates the apprehensions.
He also commented that these types of decisions are applied when the authorities "have determined objectives to stop", which in the current situation could be the indigenous leaders and other social groups who protest against the economic adjustments applied by the Government in the framework of a credit agreement with the IMF.
Aguilar was emphatic in pointing out that this "is the most brutal scenario to make arbitrary detentions" and added that it is difficult for the measure to generalize, because "40,000 people cannot be put in prison" who protest in Quito, "because there is nowhere" locate them
This is "super chaotic" and in these circumstances it is difficult for there to be a process of rapprochement and dialogue between the parties, added the analyst, who fears that it is difficult for the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities (Conaie) to talk with the Government.
Especially with the Ministers of Government (Interior), María Paula Romo, and of Defense, Oswaldo Jarrín, whom the protesters identify as the hard hand of the current repression.
Aguilar highlighted the fact that it has been Conaie that has shown openness to dialogue by clarifying one of its main demands, which was the repeal of Decree 883, on the elimination of the fuel subsidy.
He recalled that the indigenous movement reviewed its demand and accepted that this measure could be "revised", which gave, in its opinion, a greater space to initiate the dialogue process.
For the lawyer, the separation of their positions from the ministers Romo and Jarrín could also become a gesture of the president to bring the positions closer, although he said that his repeated refusal to reverse the application of the decree on gasoline is a position of force that hopes that it does not end up leading the dialogue to a "stalemate".
The Government Ministry asked the citizens of Quito on Saturday to "go to their homes" by virtue of the application of the "curfew".
"This measure will be in effect until further notice. Be informed through official channels," he added and added that the movement through the streets under conditions of militarization will be allowed only with a safe pass.
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