A third person has contracted dengue in Spain after the tests have confirmed their contagion, have informed Efe sources from the Ministry of Health.
It is a woman who had symptoms and was waiting for her diagnosis to be confirmed after two relatives of his had contracted the disease in Spain. Of the three contagiados, two of them habitually reside in Murcia and the third in the Community of Madrid.
The three relatives, who are discharged, agreed in municipalities of the province of Cádiz and Murcia during the period in which they could have contracted the infection.
Dengue is a disease caused by a virus (flavivirus), which usually has a mild clinical condition and is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, not from person to person.
The National Center of Microbiology of the Institute of Health Carlos III confirmed the past day 4 two cases of infection by dengue virus in adults living in Spain who had not traveled to risk areas and today the third case has been confirmed.
The three people who began to suffer symptoms during the second half of August have evolved favorably and "currently have good health."
Following the notification of the cases, the follow-up of the cases in coordination between the three Autonomous Communities and the Ministry of Health was initiated "immediately".
For this, the detected cases and possible places of exposure were investigated; The entomological study was carried out in the areas where the transmission could take place and the corresponding recommendations for the control of the mosquito were made in case of being detected.
The only vector that can transmit the virus in Spain is the Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito) that is very widespread in the country, especially in the Mediterranean coast.
In neighboring countries, such as France or Italy, also with the presence of a tiger mosquito, cases of autochthonous dengue and other similar viruses such as chikungunya have been detected sporadically in recent years, the same sources have reported.
Due to the wide distribution of the tiger mosquito and the cases of imported dengue that introduce the virus in Spain, the sporadic detection of autochthonous cases can not be ruled out.
However, the sources assure that the measures adopted by the public health authorities and the decrease in the density of mosquitoes at the current time of year, make the probability of native transmission at this moment very low. EFE