Trying to answer the most exciting questions about the life, work and miracles of Jesus is what the Colombian sociologist Carlos Uribe Celis looks for with the book "Jesus the alternative history", a work in which he invested almost 20 years.
"Few historical people have generated at the same time so many controversies and have aroused as much interest as Jesus," Uribe said in an interview with Efe, explaining the reasons why he dedicated a good part of his life to delving into an intricate world in which the divine and the human are mixed.
"The basic idea is to try to answer questions that modern man, in a rationalist era, is about the phenomenon of Jesus," says Uribe, a sociologist at the National University of Colombia with a master's degree in Economic Development Studies from the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom).
The writer explains that in the book, published by Penguin Random House under the seal Debate, the theme of Jesus is addressed from the historical and not from the point of view of religion or faith, and in that line "everything that The statement is explained and documented and can be verified. "
He points out for example that the existence of Jesus does not admit historical discussion and that it can even be traced in books and documents, so much so that it has more references than Alexander the Great himself, who in his opinion, by his conquests should have more.
Among the most controversial issues addressed and explained by Uribe is a version contrary to that which presents Jesus as the son of a carpenter, and even suggests a redeemer with an academic preparation well above that of his time.
"Jesus is a person with an extraordinary academic preparation, no one has spoken of this man or where he gets so much wisdom," says the sociologist, while insinuating in his work that "the family of Jesus is merely adopted."
The author, whose favorite themes are the cultural and political history of Colombia and the relationship between history and sociology, explains that Jesus "received a very precise instruction, in all fields, especially in the scriptures", which governed religious life of the time.
Add that from the historical "Jesus is a character 'sui generis' and original that did not identify with any of his time and that even his own family, in a certain moment he believes it crazy" because he was related to people generally rejected by society, like the prostitutes.
In that direction, he emphasizes that Jesus is a historical figure who has an "ethic of compassion for the marginalized, for the poor, for the powerless," and adds: "The Buddha does not speak of that, of love for the poor and Muhammad, less".
From his perspective, another feature that characterized the life of who is called by the Catholic world as the Son of God, was defending and giving importance to women, since at that time it had no weight and was relegated to basic functions in the family.
He adds that beyond everything written and what will be written about Jesus, his book "is an effort to make things concrete, realistic, credible and verifiable" and that he does not intend to "unseat the faith (…) that does not have discussion because it is incontrovertible. "
Uribe insists that his book follows a line of research that began in the eighteenth century and culminated in the twentieth century called "the search for Jesus."
And he complements that he reels and exposes different, but "argued" visions about other contemporary figures of Jesus such as Pontius Pilate, and the role that sects such as the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes and Zealots once played.
"I am a sociologist and I try to approach the phenomenon of Jesus as someone trained in sociology," explains the author, who has also taught at universities in Colombia, the United States and Spain.
Ovidio Castro Medina