The Colombian Government announced on Wednesday rewards for up to 4,000 million pesos (about 1.2 million dollars) for those who provide information that allows the capture of those responsible for the killings of demobilized FARC.
The police director, General Óscar Atehortúa, told reporters that “a new cartel has been created” with 30 people accused of committing crimes against ex-combatants, including the top guerrilla leaders of the National Liberation Army (ELN).
“All of them are linked directly through investigations, and with a body of evidence collected with our Attorney General’s Office, to some specific events where they have caused death or threatened or made an attack on persons in the process of reinstating the FARC,” he claimed.
The most wanted cartel is headed by ELN leaders Eliécer Helinto Chamorro, aka “Antonio García”; Gustavo Anibal Giraldo, alias “Pablito”, and Nicolás Rodríguez Bautista, alias “Gabino”, chief of the guerrillas, for whom the authorities offer up to 4,000 million pesos.
These are followed by Israel Ramírez Pineda, aka “Pablo Beltrán”, also a member of the Central Command (COCE) of that guerrilla, for whom up to 2,100 million pesos ($ 647,800) would be paid for information that would allow his capture.
The UN released a report last December 31 in which it said that 2019 was “the most violent year” for former FARC guerrillas who accepted the peace agreement, since 77 demobilized people were killed during that period.
The last case recorded occurred on January 2, when the demobilized Benjamin Banguera Rosales was killed in the troubled department of Cauca (southwest), which became the first of this year.
Against this background, the head of the United Nations Verification Mission for the peace process in Colombia, Carlos Ruiz Massieu, said today that the main challenge for the State is to improve the security of the demobilized of the FARC, social leaders and defenders of human rights.
“Obviously there are great challenges, some long-term and others short-term. We highlight security issues within the challenges,” the diplomat said in a statement at Casa de Nariño after meeting with President Iván Duque.
Atehortúa recalled today that the Government presented a poster a year ago with the 31 most wanted people for the murders of social leaders, a strategy that allowed the capture of 12 of them and the disarticulation of two criminal gangs.
“Continuing with the successful strategy that was designed the previous year, taking into account that we received 137 capture orders, a new cartel has been created,” the senior official added.
The list of the most wanted for these crimes is also made up of FARC dissidents such as Leyder Johany Noscué, aka “Mayimbu”, and Iván Jacob Idrobo, aka “Marlón”, who commit crimes in Cauca, where they fight to control drug trafficking and are They have taught with indigenous communities.