Climate change and the dream of European manna



Congress has given the green light this week, with the only opposition from Vox, to the
climate change law
which foresees Spain to be carbon neutral by 2050, for which ten years before, in 2040, it will stop selling polluting cars. In addition, among other measures, it plans to modify the energy and electrical system to evolve towards a greener and more sustainable energy, and to prohibit the exploitation of hydrocarbons and the mining of uranium. Although it still has to go through the Senate, few changes are expected in the regulations and it is clear that their application will undoubtedly mean a change in the way companies produce and, above all, in the lives of the companies. citizens.

The implementation of a plan with legal coverage to reduce emissions was necessary regardless of the pandemic, but it is clear that the funds that the European Union is going to disburse to reactivate the economy fit like a glove on these objectives and they are a great opportunity to promote the necessary energy transformation and take a giant step towards a more sustainable economy. But before selling the bear’s skin, you have to hunt it down. So the Government must get down to work and present not only good projects that fit into the Brussels objectives, but also the reforms that the European Commission requires to disburse those funds and I am very afraid that some of the measures included in the PSOE-Podemos government agreement, such as the repeal of the nucleus of the labor reform approved by the PP, and that Vice President Yolanda Díaz has on the table, has little to do with what Europe is asking for.

What the Government will not lack are good projects. There is no company or business association that has not designed some plan for digitization, decarbonization, innovation … that go from window to window, from ministry to ministry, waiting for you to be one of the winners who will become recipients of those billions of euros of European funds. It is true that large multinationals, which also have their projects, most including the participation of other smaller companies, they are not giving much publicity to their plansPerhaps because of the fear that the populists will try to discredit them by saying that in the end the money will go to the big companies.

The question is how much of it that European money will give, because I fear that no matter how large the sum is, and it is, it will not give to reach so many who wait for funds like May water to refloat their businesses or to transform them. And when resources are limited, which they are, it is necessary that a good selection of projects to finance, and that is where the system chosen by the Spanish Government to carry out the selection makes waters.

It does not seem that leaving everything in the hands of the different ministries is the most appropriate way to guarantee that funds are not wasted, that there is no arbitrariness or cronyism in the selection of projects and that their use is monitored to guarantee that they are effectively carried out. they are achieving their intended objectives. It would be much more reliable, for those who present their projects, and for the European Commission itself, if they had been created expert commissions for the selection of projects, and that the process was more transparent. Once again, we can trust that it is Europe that guarantees the proper use of funds that we cannot squander.

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