Climate change hinders access to international right to drinking water and sanitation that is intensified in those poor populations with poor access, said the special rapporteur of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP25) UN on drinking water and sanitation, Leo Heller.
In this sense, Heller has added that "the climatic emergency does not affect everyone equally" and, therefore, we must "have a more concrete look at human rights and how they are affected by climate change."
In this regard, the professor of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, an expert in the protection of fundamental rights, Celia Fernández, stressed that the main guarantor that these rights are fulfilled, "regardless of the population" is the State is already the one to whom "We must ask for responsibility."
The director of Cooperation with Latin America and the Caribbean of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation, Carmen Castiella, recalled that climate change "has a great impact on water resources" and therefore advocates the adoption of " adaptation and mitigation measures "such as the reforestation of species that protect water resources or obtain renewable energy at different stages of the water cycle.
However, climate change does not only affect the planet's water resources but also and, as Heller has pointed out, "its quality and affordability" are affected.
Likewise, it has been stressed that not only people who live in a "precarious" situation are affected, but also those who live in "coastal, arid or flood-prone areas" have a special "risk" since water and water infrastructure sanitation "are collapsed" and "who pays are vulnerable people," says Heller.
For her part, the director of the Human Rights office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, Adela Díaz, recalled that both Spain and Germany have played a "fundamental role in promoting the recognition of these rights since 2006" and that, "together we continue working for them".
. (tagsToTranslate) change (t) climate (t) aggravate (t) access (t) sanitation