The PSOE, abolitionist against prostitution, clearly links it to trafficking in women and considers it a form of gender violence. This philosophy runs, in fact, the draft prepared by a group of experts for this match. A document not yet public that manages the Government together with other reports to address the first law of trafficking in Spain and that the other parties value with distance.
The draft of Draft Comprehensive Law against trafficking in human beings and in particular for the purpose of sexual exploitation considers penalizing the client of prostitution, prosecuting those who provide flats where this activity is carried out, consideration of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation as gender violence and total decriminalization of the victim, that "will not be considered guilty in any case and consequently will not be sanctioned". It also punishes the pimp for profiting from prostitution, even if he does not use violence to do so.
From the PP, Cuca Gamarra, Deputy Secretary of Social Policy, considers key "prevention, protection of victims and the persecution of pimps and everything that promotes the sexual exploitation of women." He warns, like other people consulted, that he does not know the full text, advanced this Thursday by EL PAÍS, and therefore his assessment is not closed. His party does share the need for a trafficking law that includes sexual exploitation and prostitution and not two separate rules: "I think we will agree to fight as best as possible against the trafficking of women for the purpose of exploitation. sexual".
The government indicated on Thursday that the draft is, of all the documents with which it works, "the farthest" from what it proposes to legislate, although it did not clarify why. That document was distributed on November 13 in the Advisory Council for Equality Policies of the PSOE, a meeting chaired by Vice President Carmen Calvo. Nor has the PSOE wanted to comment on the distance with which the Executive has received this proposal.
"The diagnosis is not reality," says Citizen deputy Patricia Reyes. Ask to differentiate between trafficking for sexual exploitation and "voluntary prostitution" that your party does not consider sexist violence. He believes that sanctioning the client "is not the solution". Citizens met with the union Other – that the Government approved "by mistake" in the BOE and whose statutes has annulled the National Audience-. "We have to face a debate. The Government first said that 'we are abolitionists' and do not get off the donkey, "he criticizes.
The deputy Sofia Castañón (United We Can) considers that it is necessary "a specific law of trafficking, separate from that of prostitution". Criticizes that the Government has not yet presented anything formal except "headlines and tweets": "It is more important to focus on what we can understand than on what we disagree."
The Commission for the Investigation of Ill-treatment of Women (CIMTM) supports the draft, "especially the non-criminalization of the victim in any case," although they prefer a specific law on trafficking of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation and prostitution, " or that this be included in the Law against Gender Violence of 2004. " Marisa Soleto, from the Fundación Mujeres, stresses that the sanction is extended to the pimp, even if there is no violence: "It was what we proposed in the feminist movement when the Penal Code was modified. It seemed to us one of the reasons for the proliferation of the sexual market in Spain. "
Lorena Garrido, a member of the Antigone research group of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, believes that the text "confuses the terms of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation with the approach to prostitution" and that they should not go in the same law. She fears that prosecuting prostitution – even if the draft only penalizes the client – "involves displacing women to more precarious areas." Cristina Garaizábal, from Hetaira, considers that this proposal "goes against the rights of sex workers, penalizes them because it will force faster deals on the streets."