May 14, 2021

China gets the first plant in La Luna

China gets the first plant in La Luna


A cottonseed, carried to the moon by the Chinese probe Chang'e 4, was the first to spring up in the natural satellite of Earth, according to scientists from a biosphere mini-experiment on board the mission. After making the first landing on the hidden side of the satellite, China's Chang'e 4 mission has also become a pioneer in the first mini biosphere experiment on the Moon.

The mission was born with the objective of performing tasks of astronomical observation of low frequency radio, terrain and relief analysis, detection of mineral composition and shallow lunar surface structure, as well as the measurement of neutron radiation and natural atoms for study the environment in this area of ​​the satellite. To do this, it transports a small vehicle that will travel the land to record, document and define the extraterrestrial geology. But of all these tests, perhaps, the most intriguing is the biological: Through a mechanized device, they intend to grow vegetable seeds that will be deposited in a sealed container, an experiment supported by 28 Chinese universities. could open the ban on the birth of the first living beings on the Moon.

The images sent by the probe, which have been broadcast on Chinese television networks, showed that a cotton bud had grown well, although no other plants were found to grow. Among the seeds transported by the ship were cotton, rapeseed, potato and arabidopsis, as well as fruit fly eggs and some yeasts, to form a simple minibiosphere, according to a team led by scientists from Chongqing University. The plants would generate oxygen and food so that other living beings "consume". The drosophila melanogasters, as consumers, and the yeast, as decomposers, would generate carbon dioxide by consuming oxygen for the photosynthesis of plants. In addition, yeast can break down plant residues and drosophila melanogasters and grow, and it can also serve as food for drosophila melanogasters.

With this circle, a mini biosphere composed of producers, consumers and decomposers is formed. The development and preparation of the biological module were carried out by the Space Biology Research Team at the School of Life Sciences of Chongqing University.

This "trip", named after an Asian legend, is composed of three stages: rotation (Chang'e 1 and Chang'e 2), moon landing (Chang'e 3 and Chang'e 4) and return (Chang'e 5). and Chang'e 6). The current phase allows to study in depth the crater located in the Aitken Basin, formed during a gigantic collision when the satellite was still very young. In it, material could be found that provides new information about its formation. Although this is just the tip of the iceberg of a project that aims to lead a new manned mission to the Moon. At the moment there is no clear date, although some experts already place it in 2036.

With this circle, a mini biosphere composed of producers, consumers and decomposers is formed. The development and preparation of the biological module were carried out by the Space Biology Research Team at the School of Life Sciences of Chongqing University.

This "trip", named after an Asian legend, is composed of three stages: rotation (Chang'e 1 and Chang'e 2), moon landing (Chang'e 3 and Chang'e 4) and return (Chang'e 5). and Chang'e 6). The current phase allows to study in depth the crater located in the Aitken Basin, formed during a gigantic collision when the satellite was still very young. In it, material could be found that provides new information about its formation. Although this is just the tip of the iceberg of a project that aims to lead a new manned mission to the Moon. At the moment there is no clear date, although some experts already place it in 2036.

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