The Chinese government said on Sunday that it has detained 12,995 terrorists since 2014 in the troubled northwestern region of Xinjiang, where human rights organizations claim that nearly one million Muslims are being held in internment camps.
The Council of State (Executive) published today a white book entitled 'The fight against terrorism and extremism and the protection of human rights in Xinjiang', in which it points out that in this last five years "1,588 violent groups have been dismantled and terrorists and seized 2,052 explosive devices ".
Likewise, "30,645 people have been punished for 4,858 illegal religious activities, and 345,229 copies of illegal religious material have been confiscated".
"Incomplete statistics show that, from 1990 to the end of 2016, separatist, terrorist and extremist forces have launched thousands of terrorist attacks in Xinjiang, killing a large number of innocent people and hundreds of police officers, also causing incalculable damage to the properties, "he says.
In the document, quoted by the official Xinhua news agency, Beijing argues that its actions are carried out "in accordance with the law" to "attack all kinds of violent and terrorist activities that infringe human rights, endangering security public, undermine ethnic unity and divide the country. "
However, the Chinese government asserts that it "protects and fully respects civil rights, including the freedom of religious belief," and that its actions are aimed "at preventing the spread of extremism and incite ethnic hatred (…) through religion. "
"That is not Islam," sentence.
The white paper adds that China has given "the highest priority" to preventive measures against an "inhuman, antisocial and barbaric" terrorism that "has brought enormous suffering to all ethnic groups in the region."
"For a long time, terrorist and extremist forces have served as a speaker for separatist activities by distorting, inventing and falsifying the history of Xinjiang, exaggerating cultural differences between ethnic groups, instigating isolation and hatred and promoting religious extremism," aims
Regarding secessionism, China accuses "anti-Chinese" foreign forces "of collaborating, since the 1990s, to proclaim the independence of 'East Turkestan'" through jihad ".
"It is indisputable that Xinjiang is an inseparable part of the Chinese territory, ethnic cultures of Xinjiang are an inseparable part of Chinese civilization," he says, before explaining that the Uighurs, the most populous ethnic group in the region, "were born of a long process of migration and ethnic integration ".
"They are not descendants of the Turkic (peoples)," the text says.
According to reports by international human rights organizations, in recent years the Chinese government has confined about one million people in Xinjiang, in re-education camps, where Chinese minorities of Muslim confession are settled, including the Uyghurs is the most numerous.
Meanwhile, the Government affirms that it is "vocational centers" where "skills are learned according to labor needs" that will be useful to inmates.