Brazil's former president Dilma Rousseff said Thursday that Chile is "the most obvious demonstration of the exhaustion of the neoliberal model" and that the protests of the last three months have turned the country into "a beacon for Latin America and the world."
The ex-president participated through a video recorded at the opening of the first edition of the Latin American Forum of Human Rights, which is held in Santiago from this Thursday until next Saturday, January 25.
"The conquests of the Chilean people will be a real stimulus for the peoples of Latin America and their democratic struggles against neoliberalism and neo-fascism," Rousseff said.
Chile lives since the most important social crisis since the return to democracy in 1990, after more than 16 years of Augusto Pinochet dictatorship.
The protests, which began as a criticism of the increase in the subway ticket and became a clamor against inequality, have already left at least 27 dead and a total of 3,649 injured, according to the latest report by the autonomous National Institute of Human Rights ( INDH).
"There are thousands of prisoners and reports of torture and sexual abuse," the president denounced, after which she asked that the "progressives" denounce and fight against injustices.
On the other hand, Rousseff made an x-ray of the convulsive political moment that crosses the South American continent and celebrated the victories of Antonio Manuel López Obrador in Mexico and Alberto Fernández in Argentina.
In parallel, he regretted the situation in Bolivia, where he said that Evo Morales "was removed from power despite winning the elections", and in his country, under the command of conservative Jair Bolsonaro.
Rousseff was removed from office as president after a controversial political trial in 2016 for irregularities in the management of budgets.
"The Latin American population is tired and outraged by neoliberal practices," said the president, who said they have resulted "in a monstrous increase in inequality."
Before Rousseff, the Spanish Spaniard Baltasar Garzón intervened, who was greeted with cheers by the public present.
"I demand the Chilean authorities, and especially the judicial authorities, to provide justice," said the lawyer amid applause, adding that "the repression cannot be allowed to be installed again."
Garzón, known in Chile for ordering the arrest of dictator Augusto Pinochet for genocide while in London in 1998, wrote an open letter last October to Chilean President Sebastián Piñera where he was strongly criticized for the actions he took after the start of the social outbreak.
"Mr. Piñera and his people are confused and believe that they are the State, and the State we are all," said the exjuez.
"In Latin America we are seeing the use of justice as a political weapon against other leaders and also against the people, as can happen here," he said.
The Latin American Forum of Human Rights, created by Chilean Senator Alejandro Navarro, intends to reflect - through panels and commissions - on the active defense of human rights in the southern country, with an eye on possible editions in other countries of the continent .