Social organizations dedicated to the rights of the child have demanded this Thursday the Government to launch a universal child benefit. Beyond the supplement deployed for families in poverty linked to the minimum vital income (IMV), the Childhood Platform, Save the Children and UNICEF Spain have presented today a report in which they propose that the investment be universal, with child-rearing aid for all minors, which can allocate more funds to families with fewer resources to combat the country's high child poverty.
In Europe they invest more in childhood and have less poverty: what aid per child is there in the rest of the EU
Spain is the third country in the European Union with the highest rate of risk of poverty and social exclusion for children, with 31.3%, only behind Romania and Bulgaria, as recalled in a recent Save The Children report.
The study For a childbearing benefit. Scenarios for a refundable tax deduction in Spain presented this Thursday includes the proposal of the three organizations, which is embodied in a universal parenting aid "through reimbursable tax deductions in Personal Income Tax (IRPF)".
This format would allow public funds destined specifically for childhood to reach all families with children (and if one considers more those who have the least) and would avoid the current situation whereby the State leaves a large number of children without these specific aid. families with limited resources.
Spain has established tax deductions for children, but there are families with reduced income that are not required to file income tax returns. Therefore, these households that do not make the declaration do not benefit from the deductions and, only in the case of those that are in a worse situation, affected by poverty, does the State articulate the benefits per child within the minimum vital income. "In the middle there are many people" without aid, as he warned on this issue Professor of Economics Olga Cantó.
Reduce child poverty in tax reform
This universal benefit "would contribute to increasing the level of support for raising all families, in addition to reducing child poverty and social exclusion faced by many families in our country," the social entities point out.
United We Can has defended within the Executive a universal child aid, as Minister Ione Belarra explainedBut finally the aid that went ahead with the Ministry of Social Security of José Luis Escrivá was for families with limited resources. Not only can IMV beneficiary households benefit from this aid, but the Government has increased the threshold of access to households with up to three times the income.
The three NGOs specialized in children have celebrated the passage of aid per child between 50 and 100 euros per month linked to the IMV, but have asked the coalition government for a broader approach as it happens in most European countries. "The average amount of benefits in the EU-15 rises to 1,375 euros per year (almost 5 times more) and in countries like Germany it reaches 2,328 euros. And, furthermore, they are universal. considers that all boys and girls deserve adequate upbringing ", highlights the study.
The entities call on the Executive to address this issue, both its possible application and the funds to finance it, in the tax reform that it is going to undertake and for which it will be advised by a committee of experts. The net cost of the reform proposed by the three organizations in their report is between 3,717.6 and 11,686.2 million euros per year, depending on the amount of the deduction.
"The tax reform that we propose benefits all families with children, regardless of their composition and number of children, as well as their income level. However, it introduces a proportionally greater improvement in households with less income, reducing the The stigma that the perception of targeted benefits entails for these families and thus increasing the equity and progressiveness of the system. But, above all, we ensure that all mothers and fathers in our country receive determined and long-term support from the State to raising their sons and daughters ", says Andrés Conde, general director of Save the Children.