The Central American region marked a milestone in its commitment to climate-smart cocoa, by accessing technological tools that will allow them to improve their production in the context of climate change, the non-governmental organization Rikolto International reported on Monday.
Producers, exporters, and other members of the cocoa value chain, originating from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic, managed in mato, for the first time to run the data from the farms where their cocoa is produced in the future, to know the behavior of the climate in the area, and to know how to act before they are affected by climate change.
In the so-called tools for the promotion of climate-smart cocoa, cocoa producers and traders can obtain climate data projected at 30 and 50 years, which will allow them to know the impact of the environment on the site and the recommended agricultural practices in new circumstances. .
“You can consult the aptitude results, impact gradient, and obtain a proposal of the practices for adaptation to climate change of the territory of interest, as well as the reference costs for investment,” said the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT ), Jenny Wiegel.
Data from the Central American and Dominican Republic Cocoa Committee, known as SíCACAO, indicate that, in countries such as Nicaragua and Honduras, the largest cocoa producers in the region, the average production is 300 kilograms per apple (0.70 hectares) .
One of the goals of the region is to exceed these production levels, and bring them closer to those of South America, where countries such as Ecuador and Peru reach up to 800 kilograms.
The tools include “collective learning about the costs, incomes and profitability of the plots with Cacao agroforestry systems”, which are also projected in the long term, to calculate the sustainability of the industry, said the coordinator of the Foundation’s climate-smart cocoa project Cocoa World Cup, Falguni Guharay.
The European Union, the Swiss Development Cooperation, Rikolto, the World Cocoa Foundation, CIAT, Feed the Future, the Solidaridad and Helvetas organizations, as well as the Maximizing Opportunities in Coffee and Cacao in the Americas also participate ( MOCCA).
According to a study by Rikolto, cocoa produces exports of close to $ 40 million each year.