Celia Amorós' own room is at the end of the corridor and after a large diaphanous kitchen in a central apartment in Valencia. On the shelves, well accompanied, they greet visitors Simone de Beauvoir, Sartre, Virginia Woolf, but her desk seems frozen, without papers or pencils, and she ventures the ill health of which this wise woman aches. The board of thought and creation is now occupied by the smiling photos of his feminist colleagues years ago.
The past is very present. A good handful of published books and hundreds of academic articles, talks and trips throughout his life place Amorós among the people in charge of the solidity that the feminist movement exhibits today. On March 8, to the delight of many, she was seen in her wheelchair next to the banner that grouped the university students in Valencia, where she was born, in 1944, and where she now has a temperate retirement.
He speaks of that manifestation, resorting to Sartre, as of the "apocalypse" in which a movement has arisen, set over the years with many yeasts, from the taking of the streets to the conquest of homes, with colloquia, literature, work groups , social awareness, education. This is unstoppable, says the whole world, but she is suspicious: "Every movement has a reversal. You have to be careful, tenacious, have capacity for action and conviction. " Simone de Beauvoir attends her thoughts: "Do not ever forget that a political, economic or religious crisis will suffice for the rights of women to be questioned again. These rights are never taken for granted, you must remain vigilant throughout your life, "said the French.
The Valencian philosopher, daughter of notaries and granddaughter of a grandmother who taught her piano, asks to bring her bust Clara Campoamor, who watches her from the table, to take the picture with him. "A person who said 'I am a citizen before a woman' … Amorós headed the Feminist Research Institute of the Complutense University for some years. There the seminar was created Feminism and Illustration, where have passed some of the names that now give luster with their essays to feminist thought: Alicia Puleo, Rosa Cobo, Ana de Miguel, all of them in the photos of the office surrounding the teacher. In the Enlightenment Amoros bases the principles of feminism as an emancipatory movement that demands for women not equality with men ("that although they could and we would, we would never have", he has said), but equality under the generic human, that is, neither more nor less than the rights of citizenship that they enjoy (or should enjoy). The French Revolution propitiated this emancipatory language: if the masters were despots, if the aristocrats had serfs, in the same conditions were the women with respect to their companions. And so they did see it. Amorós cites several times to Mary Wollstonecraft, the Grandma of Frankenstein. If the condition of citizenship, for the first time, was awarded to nobles and plebeians without distinction, why was the woman denied? Blessed natural order in which the woman, being so, was condemned to a second place. "What are we going to say about misogynist of Rousseau ", Amorós laughs.
Feminism has rolled a lot since then. Now he has many surnames. The philosopher is blunt: "Feminism there is only one, the emancipatory." But the political parties design a suit to suit you … "Feminism is from the left", ditch. But right-wingers say that they are also, in their own way … "À sa façon … For those who believe it," Amorós replies.
In 2006, the writer, for the first time a woman, received the National Prize for Essay for his book The big difference and its small consequences … for the struggle of women. Her name was already among the great feminists of Europe and the influence of her academic publications was felt strongly in Latin America. In front of the chair from which he now responds to reporters and on a Singer sewing machine that belonged to his mother-in-law, he hangs a painting with an embroidered phrase that recognizes him as having "introduced philosophical feminism into Hispanic philosophy". And on the shelves, dozens of books show a plume of yellow papers that stand out on their pages, the sign of a conscientious study. You can almost say that he has given each one a good beating.
A teacher among teachers, she remains prudent and exercises a seamless sorority when she is reminded of her great influence in the current movement of women: "And many others," she says. "Nothing comes up suddenly when it comes to social movements. It is a work that is forged, that has phases, that it evolves, it is agitated, it amalgamates, apparently nothing happens, but people are making the movement their own And then something special happens, for example the case of La Manada and everything assumed becomes apocalypse. As happened in the Paris of the Bastille, "he explains.
The French Revolution is always present in his thoughts, although some resist to come down to his mouth when she demands it. "Yes, feminism is a revolution and is absorbing others. If there is no feminism, there is no revolutionary struggle, because what can be done if only half of the population is counted? Nothing, "he says. Amorós has a daughter, who called her on 8-M "Exultant", and a grandson, Guillermo, 10 years old who was "like the first, raising his arm" in the demonstration that brought together more than a million people in the Spanish cities that Friday of "apocalypse". Laugh, now only Celia, with the memory of the child, also empowered. And his laughter widens when he is reminded how the demonstration in Valencia was closed that day, in the fallero way: "Pyrotechnic lady, the Revolution can begin".
In the head of Celia Amorós, who has given so much fruit to academics, memories of the past are gaining ground. Those days when her then husband, Josep Vicent Marqués, and that of Carmen Alborch, Damià Mollà, had been dismissed and the domestic economy did not give a break. On Sundays the four of them went to count cars to Saler. "There were some road junctions there and we counted cars because those figures were needed for future viability plans," laughs Amorós. "Carmen and I ended up counting women," he recalls. Those years, "hard and fun", one day made the food one and the next the other, as a way to alleviate the shortage. Her friend Alborch, for whom the words are missing after her recent death, got into politics and, although this feminist now does not watch television, listen to the radio, or is aware of the advance of the extreme right, nor of the problem of Catalan separatism, believes that the feminist struggle has been moving to concrete measures in the political arena. Amorós believes that the fourth wave of feminism is here and that one of its fundamental objectives will be the eradication of prostitution, "that humiliating slavery". Nothing more and nothing less. But stay prudent. "An egalitarian world? What's going on, that will take centuries. "