The Secretary of Public Policies and Social Protection, Carlos Bravo, has denounced that unemployment protection is still lower than before the crisis, so he has urged the executive and legislative branches to go out of the ballot box to get a benefit from minimum income.
During the presentation of the report "Labor market and unemployment protection", Bravo explained that the system of unemployment benefits protects 60% of the unemployed and that, although it has improved since the minimum recorded in 2015, it does so slowly and still It is far from 80% prior to the crisis.
In addition, the welfare benefits - lower - have gained weight at the expense of contributory, which previously received two out of three unemployed, which has resulted in the average benefit amounts to 835 euros per month, 7.5% less than before the crisis.
For Bravo, it is "urgent to strengthen the unemployment protection system", for which he has urged the Government and Parliament to agree in the next legislature to address the popular legislative initiative (ILP) to create a minimum income benefit, raised by unions and more than 700,000 citizens.
"The ILP, unlike other law project, does not decay with the legislature and will be discussed again when the Cortes are constituted," said Bravo.
In addition, he assured that the Government is committed to social partners to submit before 28 April a package to improve coverage and unemployment protection benefits, especially in welfare.
In his opinion, assistance benefits and active employment policies must stop being financed from unemployment contributions - for an amount of 16,000 million euros - which must be supported by the general state budget.
According to the report, 37% of unemployed people who did not receive any type of unemployment benefit had work experience (1.09 million people).
By age, contributory benefits are given more frequently among young people (two out of three) while care benefits are more common among those over 50 (73%), which shows the exclusion effect of the older ones from the work.
By communities, Extremadura (72.6%) and Andalucía (66.6%) achieved the highest coverage rates in 2018, due to the subsidy for agrarian workers that only these two communities have.
Behind them, Catalonia has 65.7% unemployment coverage, while the rest of the communities have rates lower than the state average.
The report also explains that, of all the unemployed, 47.5% have been unemployed for more than a year (1.6 million people), of which 71% are over two years unemployed.
In addition, the union emphasizes that more than 1 million households have all their members unemployed, 45% more than at the beginning of the crisis, a figure that is aggravated if one takes into account that in more than 600,000 no type of income is perceived.