Every week in Spain almost seven million are worked of extra hours among all the busy. Of these, about three million are not charged, according to a CC OO study prepared from the data of the Labor Force Survey (EPA). This report also reveals that there are 364,400 employees who work extra hours without charging them and another 415,400 who charge them. The calculations of the union point out that if that daily fraud were to be committed, an additional 74,700 jobs could be created in the Spanish economy with their corresponding social contributions.
As the recovery has been consolidating, the number of extra hours has grown. Although now there is a change regarding what happened in the worst moments of the crisis, those that do not charge (or are not paid, according to the prism from which you look) have stopped exceeding those that do. However, its total number remains close to three million.
If these hours were converted into full-time jobs, the calculations of CC OO suggest that this fraud costs the Spanish economy about 74,700 jobs. This irregularity does not only result in less creation of jobs; It also implies that Social Security receives less contributions.
It also costs the foresight institute the extra hours charged. In this case, not because they do not quote, but because the contributions paid for them are lower than in the case of ordinary work time. The union has also calculated how many jobs are equivalent to these hours: 95,900. One notable aspect of this study is that overtime hours are not distributed evenly among all workers. In fact, there are some 825,500 people who work over the work schedule initially envisaged in labor contracts and in collective agreements. Of these, slightly less than half (364,400) would be those who receive nothing.
"The unpaid overtime is a form of exploitation that concentrates in greater measure in jobs considered of higher quality: indefinite, full-time, technical and professional occupations in the service sector, performed by men," the report says.
The sectoral analysis reveals in which branches of activity more overtime is done, paid and not paid. Overall, the manufacturing industry stands out, with more than 1.1 million hours per week. On the other hand, if only those that stop paying the classification are headed by the hospitality industry, with 418,000, followed by trade and repair of vehicles (345,000) and education (340,000).
All this situation changes if percentages are taken instead of analyzing absolute numbers. In this type of analysis, the financial sector stands out, in which 94% of its overtime hours are not charged. This data confirms one of the habitual denunciations of the unions of the banking sector.
On the other hand, yesterday the economic newspaper Five days It advanced the proposal that the Government has made to the social agents to reform the Workers' Statute in the control of working hours. If finally approved with this wording, the company will have every day "the obligation to record the working day of each worker […] and must include the specific time of entry and exit ". In addition, it will establish the obligation that employees receive monthly information about the number of ordinary and extraordinary hours they have made. In addition to the interested parties, also "the representatives of the workers will be informed monthly by the employer about compliance with the provisions of this section".