The Meteorological Service of Catalonia (SMC) has certified, with the data collected during this week, that the temporary ‘Gloria’, with winds of more than 100 km / h, rain of up to 500 liters per square meter and waves of 7 meters in The entire coastline is “historic” and in some places “unprecedented,” and it had not rained so much since 1932.
According to the balance that the SMC has done, the Levante storm, which has caused four deaths and one missing person in Catalonia, in addition to multimillion-dollar material damages that in some cases will take months to repair, “has been extraordinary.”
Precipitation accumulations of up to 516 liters of water per square meter in Lliurona (Girona), 1.5 meters of snow on the summits of the Girona Pyrenees, a persistent wind with gusts of more than 100 kilometers per hour – the maximum measured gust has been of 144 km / h in the Montseny-, and, above all, a maritime storm with waves of 7 meters across the coast and even up to 12 in the Ebro Delta, “unprecedented in some points”, make the ‘Gloria ‘one of the strongest storms since there are records.
The maximum rainfall collected has been at Lliurona station, in Alt Empordà, with 516 liters per square meter, followed by Puig Sesolles station, in Montseny, with 430 liters, and Viladrau (Girona) with 426, although others Many stations have collected in the four days of the storm more than 300 liters: Sant Pau de Segúries (402), Santa Pau (400), Arbúcies (356), Beget (343), Olot (339) or Tortellá (333).
According to the SMC, to find a similar distribution of precipitation you have to go back to the first half of the 20th century, specifically from December 15 to 20, 1932, when 400 liters were also exceeded in the Montseny area and in the Alt Empordà, Garrotxa, Pla de l’Estany and the Ripollès.
In that storm of 1932, the city of Olot collected 522 liters of water per square meter, curiously also in the middle of winter.
Of the 96 automatic weather stations installed for 20 years in Catalonia, 71 have collected daily rainfall accumulations that they had never measured in a month of January.
The SMC has recorded during the four days of the storm a total of 5,514 cloud-land lightning of which 1,634 impacted on Catalan territory, another unusual phenomenon in January.
The SMC has also highlighted the unusual maritime storm since ‘Mar Brava’ has been recorded with “extraordinary” waves of 5 to 7 meters on the Catalan coast for two whole days – Monday and Tuesday.
“The damage on the coast is unprecedented in recent decades,” said the SMC, which highlights waves of 7 meters measured in the north of the Costa Brava, “with sea discarded in L’Escala and Cadaqués”, and waves of 5.5 meters in L’Estartit and Palamós.
In Premià de Mar and Badalona (Barcelona) recorded waves of 6 meters and 5 on the Costa Dorada, while the buoy located offshore in front of the Ebro Delta reached a height of 7.6 meters, “an unpublished record”, according to the SMC, which has also described the effects on the Ebro Delta as “unprecedented”.
Ocean buoys located within the Mediterranean, in front of Valencia and the Balearic Islands, measured maximum waves of up to 14 meters.