64.6 percent of people residing in the Canary Islands (two out of three) have a positive opinion about their health, but this is the lowest rate in the country, eleven points below the mean, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE) published this Monday.
The pandemic has not negatively influenced perception that Spaniards have about their state of health, in fact, in the last year almost eight out of ten (75.5%) considered it to be good or very good -about five points more than in 2014- a figure that stood at 78.3% in the first months of the appearance of the virus.
This is clear from the European Health Survey in Spain (EESE 2020 published this Monday by the INE, prepared from July 2019 to the same month of 2020 and, specifically, collects some disaggregated indicators of the period prior to the pandemic (July 2019- February 2020) and the first months of the virus (March 2020-July 2020).
In the context of the pandemic, the percentage of people with an assessment of their very good or good health status increased compared to the period prior to the coronavirus (78.3% compared to 74.3%), while those with an negative perception decreased (5.5%) compared to the previous months (7.8%).
Yes, 20.3% of the population aged 15 and over declared that they had little interest or joy in doing things during the pandemic, a percentage that was 17% in the pre-pandemic months; this increase was greater in women (25.4% versus 20.4% prior to the pandemic) than in men (14.9% versus 13.4%).
21% acknowledged being down, a feeling that 18.2% had before the virus broke out, and, again, the increase was greater in women (26.9% versus 22.5%) than in men (14.8% versus 13.6%).
According to the survey, the decrease in lack of interest or joy in doing things and the The increase in people with a feeling of decay affected all age groups.
Sleep problems increased since the coronavirus reached Spain and affected 21.2%, a percentage that was 19.2% in the months prior to the pandemic.
9.3% of men and 12.4% of women received care from the family doctor in the last four weeks prior to the interview during the first five months of the pandemic, which represents a decrease compared to the months prior to the virus (21.1% and 29.2%, respectively).
Likewise, visits to the specialist doctor decreased.
If all the months of the survey are taken into account, 75.5% of Spaniards considered that their state of health is good or very good and it is men who perceive that they are better (79.3% compared to 71 , 9% of women), a sensation that generally diminishes with increasing age.
And that 75.5% is almost five points more than in 2014 (71%).
By communities, the Spaniards who considered their health to be better were those from the Balearic Islands (82.9%) and Extremadura (79.5%), in addition to the autonomous city of Ceuta (81.7%), on the other hand, those of the Canary Islands (64.6%), Castilla y León (66.4%) and Asturias (68.1%) were at the bottom.
Regarding the most frequent chronic problems or diseases in the twelve months prior to the survey, they were arterial hypertension (19%), high cholesterol (15.3%), osteoarthritis (14.4%), low back pain ( 13.7%), cervical (11.3%) and allergy (10.8%), followed by varicose veins (7.6%), diabetes (7.5%), migraines (6.8 %), chronic anxiety (5.8%) and depression (5.3%).
The data show that 19.5% of Spaniards 65 years and older had difficulty performing some basic activity of daily life such as eating, washing, dressing, sitting or getting up, a higher percentage in women (24.3%) than in men (13.3%).
Difficulty in carrying out basic activities of daily life increases with age.
And the percentage of the population aged 65 and over with functional dependence decreased compared to 2014: 19.5% compared to 20.7%.
One in two people used prescription drugs in the last two weeks prior to the survey; 14.7% non-prescription drugs, a lower percentage than in 2014, which was 21.6%.
19.2% of the population received the flu vaccine, a figure that rises to 56.5% of men and 52.9% of women aged 65 and over.
The survey shows that 53.6% of the elderly were over the weight considered normal in 2020, a problem that affects more men (61.4%) than women (46.1%).
Obesity affected 16% of the population over 18 years of age and overweight 37.6%.
In the case of minors (15 to 17 years old) obesity affected 2.9% and overweight 17.8%.
Regarding physical exercise, 36.1% did it more than two days a week in their free time; 13.2%, one or two days; and the majority, 50.7%, did not do it in their leisure time.