The main novelty that this new document raises –which comes to update the different norms that govern promotion at different educational levels– focuses on Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) since it states that “the promotion criteria will be made more flexible so that the number of subjects not passed will not be the only cause for the non-promotion of the students ». In this sense, the academic evolution of the student in a global way will be taken into account and “the level of autonomy achieved, the degree of commitment to their educational process and personal or family aspects will be examined.” However, the order includes, only “in exceptional cases educational teams may propose the non-promotion of students.”
“The student will not be examined only for the subjects he has passed or not”
In the case of Baccalaureate, “the qualification criteria will be made more flexible so that a student may graduate with up to three subjects or areas not passed, regardless of which they are, if it is considered that they have achieved the objectives of the stage” and can thus ” continue with his academic itinerary ». In this sense, the general director of Planning, Innovation and Quality, Gregorio Cabrera, recalls that at this educational level the number of subjects passed will be more decisive to promote since these students have to face tests such as the Baccalaureate Assessment for the Access to the University (EBAU) where the result of the different subjects is of great importance.
Gregorio Cabrera discards the general approval that was discussed during the past year when the evaluation criteria were also made more flexible to facilitate the promotion of students after half a school year, having to face virtual teaching derived from confinement. In this way, he explains that, in the case of Secondary, «we are consolidating a basic principle that has existed for many years and that is to promote a collegiate evaluation so that the student is not examined only for the subjects that they have passed or not But we make sure that people are able to continue with their studies. In this way, the Ministry of Education tries to align itself with the Organic Law of Modification of the LOE (Lomloe), the new Education Law that has already forced changes in the Spanish educational system.
“The best way to face a crisis is through skills training”
Gregorio Cabrera highlights the importance of “finding a balance” between obtaining good grades and promoting “skills elements” to ensure that “students continue to mature.” In this sense, he explains that the crisis caused by the coronavirus “has taught us many things” because “we are human beings who react to a global training and not to isolated subjects”, and therefore concludes that “the best way to face the moments crisis is through a training of competence “, which also responds perfectly to the proposal made by the new Education Law regarding the development of new curricula.
The General Director of Quality maintains that “it is not a general pass” because “we are promoting a collegiate decision, with the intervention of teachers who analyze the situation of each student and who not only takes into account the number of approved subjects.” “It is very difficult for us to assume that repeating in itself does not solve anything, it is never a solution in itself,” explains Cabrera, who adds that, rather than encouraging repetition of the course, what is necessary is to have individualized recovery plans and strengthen the areas and subjects in which this student is most vulnerable.
«It is very difficult for us to assume that repeating itself does not solve anything»
This relaxation of the criteria to promote promotion already took place last school year. Despite not offering specific data, Gregorio Cabrera assures that “there was a reduction in the number of repeaters in the Canary Islands. In this sense, he affirms that «there have been more graduate students and we have also not perceived a worsening in teaching conditions due to the fact that this percentage of repeaters has been lower; The fact that these kids have passed has not made the teaching of those specific classes worse.