April 13, 2021

Canarias in the history of slavery, prelude to the concerts of Jordi Savall & Hesprion XXI – La Provincia

Canarias in the history of slavery, prelude to the concerts of Jordi Savall & Hesprion XXI - La Provincia


The Canary Islands Music Festival will offer next Monday and Tuesday a chat framed in the show The Routes of Slavery. 1444-1888 with which it will close, a few days later, the 35th edition in charge of Jordi Savall and the Hespèrion XXI group. With these sessions we want to invite the viewer to know the reasons and circumstances of this dark age in the history of mankind, and the role that the Canaries played in the routes of the slave trade. The aim is to help the public to connect even more with Savall's concerts, which constitute a musical journey through four centuries, inspired by the songs and dances of the slaves who left Africa for America and the European colonies

These meetings will take place days before the concerts, specifically, next Monday 4, at 19.30, in the chamber of the Teatro Leal in La Laguna, Tenerife; and the next day, Tuesday 5, at 6:30 p.m., in the Palace Querego Rodríguez de Gran Canaria. It will be in charge of two experts in this subject: the professor of the two Canarian universities Manuel Lobo and the professor of the University of Seville, Rafael M. Pérez, author of more than 25 papers on the subject of slavery, which will serve to connect to the public with the unique proposal that closes the festival.

All this, thanks to the collaboration of the DISA Foundation and the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage of the Government of the Canary Islands, which support both initiatives. The talks are freely accessible to the public.

In the musical project of Savall, premiered three years ago in Paris, they participate 38 musicians from different countries such as Mali, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil and Algeria, among others, that are weaving a discourse that shows the musical miscegenation that appears in the so-called the new World. It should be noted that, according to many researchers, the slavers allowed only the captives to express their sadness, anguish, despair or lament, through music. And it seems that this was the idea that led Savall to create this show, which can be seen on Friday February 8 at the Teatro Circo de Marte, on La Palma, on Saturday 9 at the Tenerife Auditorium and on Sunday 10 at the Alfredo Kraus, with whom the current edition of the Canary Islands Music Festival closes.

Regarding the speakers of this conference, it is worth mentioning that Rafael M. Pérez He is Professor of the Department of Modern History of the University of Seville, specialist in Cultural History and Social History of the XV-XVII centuries. In this meeting with the public, he will talk about the construction of the slave trade system in the Atlantic of the 15th and 15th centuries. Many have been his publications related to this subject, besides being a researcher in several European and Spanish projects.

According to Rafael M. Pérez, the "process of expansion of Portuguese and Spaniards by the Atlantic space during the XV and XVI centuries led to the gradual development of a map of trafficking routes of slaves that was connecting the different territories of the same. In this way, areas of slave supply with large consumer markets and the redistribution of people subjected to slavery were put in relation.Traditionally, attention has been paid especially to the great slave trade routes that connected the African continent with America. This has contributed to forget the existence of many other traffics that also shaped that slave universe: the route from Africa to the Atlantic archipelagos (Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira) and the Iberian Peninsula, the distribution networks within the archipelagos and within the Iberian Peninsula itself, the traffic between the North African and North Atlantic with these territories, the connections between Atlantic archipelagos with the Caribbean, etc. "

The professor will accompany him in his presentation Manuel Lobo, who has published more than thirty titles, own and in collaboration, as well as a multitude of articles and papers, on different perspectives related to the Canary Islands and the Atlantic, among them several dedicated to the sad circumstance that surrounded this abominable business. At the conference, he will explain how new discoveries in the Atlantic in the mid-15th century helped to reconfigure the slave institution in Western Europe. "The findings of sources of supply of slaves by the Portuguese on the west coast of Africa, as well as the process of conquest of the Canary Islands by the Normans and Castilians, further encouraged slavery in the Iberian Peninsula," says . "These newly discovered Atlantic bases gave a turn to the slave process, on the one hand to renew the origin of the captives, which is extended to the African continent, and on the other hand that the number of slaves began to increase considerably."

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