The General State Budgets (PGE) for 2019, approved by the Council of Ministers, allocate a double entry to the bullfighting party: 30,000 euros for the National Bullfighting Prize and 35,000 euros for the Bull of Lydia Foundation. Total: 65,000 euros.
These two amounts are included in the Culture heading, to which the Government devotes 953 million euros, 9.7 percent more than in 2018.
The amount that the PGE devote to music and dance amounts to 102 million euros; the theater will receive 52 million, and 100 the cinematography.
The PGE of 2019 destined to the party 65,000 euros
That is to say, that for every euro dedicated to bulls, music and dance are assigned 1,570; 1,540 to the cinema and 800 to the theater.
Before continuing, it is worth remembering that bullfighting is included in the law 18/13 of November 12, which in article 3 recognizes that "as a cultural heritage, the public authorities will guarantee the conservation of bullfighting and promote their enrichment". And Article 5 adds that the Government will develop a National Plan – already approved – which will include measures to promote and protect bullfighting.
The 19,882 bullfighting celebrations held in Spain in 2017 had an economic impact of 4,500 million euros, which is 0.36 percent of the Gross Domestic Product. The reference was offered by Mar Gutiérrez, technical secretary of the National Association of Bullfighting Organizers (ANOET) in the recent congress of the sector held in Murcia last October. Gutiérrez clarified that, of the initial figure, 18,357 correspond to popular celebrations (92.30 percent) and the rest (7.70 percent) to regulated shows.
And go on
The bullfighting shows are the third mass spectacle after attending museums and concerts of current music, according to data from the Ministry of Culture. Football is excluded, considered as a sporting event, and cinema, which is not attended live. One and the other have a greater number of spectators than the bulls.
The sector annually contributes around 45 million euros in VAT concept
Culture adds that 9.5 percent of Spaniards ever go to a regulated show and 17 percent of those who follow them by non-physical means, mainly television, and, to a lesser extent, the internet.
Other statistical data referring to the 2017 season indicate that 387 bullfights were held, one more than the previous year, 220 bullfights with horses, 20 more than in 2016, and 155 rejoneo shows, 17 less. The register of professionals includes 10,959 people, of whom only 289 (2.6 percent) are women, most of them dedicated to rejoneo.
According to ANOET, the employer association that groups together the big bullfighting businessmen, the sector annually contributes around 45 million euros to the Treasury in concept of VAT.
Juan Medina, professor of Economic Theory at the University of Extremadura, and the most renowned scholar of the economic variables of the bullfighting party, produced in 2013 a report for ANOET that gathers surprising conclusions, all of them referred to the aforementioned annuity.
Of the 208.8 million euros collected at the box office, the State earned 43.88 million VAT, which was then a contribution three times more than the Spanish cinema (14.5 million euros), and 41 percent more than music concerts (31.2 million).
Medina also analyzed the much-feared issue of public subsidies to bulls, and a summary of his study could be as follows:
– The General State Budget allocated in 2013 the amount of 30,000 euros to the National Tauromachy Award, 0.01% of the total.
– 4 of the 17 autonomous communities (Andalusia, Aragon, Valencia and Madrid) allocated to the bulls 3,007 million euros, which is the 0.3 percent that the CCAA devoted to other cultural events. The case of Madrid is striking: it contributed 1,410,851 euros to the party and received 2,325,000 euros for the lease fee for the Las Ventas square.
– 11 of the 41 provincial councils dedicated 2,384,744 euros, 2.8 percent of the 83.7 million cultural investment; and they recovered 781,770 euros for the lease of the places in property.
– 2,767 of the 8,700 municipalities organized in 2013 celebrations in their different modalities and contributed 20,116,278 euros, 1.4 percent of their cultural budgets. The circumstance occurs that 83.4 percent of the municipal aids were dedicated to popular celebrations, and only the 16.6 percent remaining to regulated celebrations. And one more detail: the municipalities recovered 3 million euros through the lease fees or direct management of publicly owned places.
As a whole, public administrations invested in bullfighting in 2013 the amount of 25.5 million euros, 0.9 percent of total spending on cultural matters; deducted the income received from leases and management of places, the amount of aid falls below 20 million.
To all the above, it must be added that in 2013, according to data from ANOET, the amount collected by the Social Security in terms of quotations from bullfighting professionals, in direct jobs, rose to 12,130,751 euros.
Professor Juan Medina concludes that bullfighting is not only, with much difference, the cultural activity less subsidized by the State, but also that which generates more wealth and fiscal resources for the Spanish Treasury.
It does not seem necessary to provide more data to conclude that the treatment that the public administrations grant to the fiesta of the bulls is unworthy,
unfair and illegal. It does not correspond at all with the importance that bullfighting occupies among a part of the Spanish population; it is not fair, at least, in terms of the fiscal contribution of bulls to the public treasury, and, above all, it is an illegal treatment since the law that regulates bullfighting as cultural heritage, in force since 2013, is violated.
In particular, the departure of the General State Budget is a serious offense to bullfighting fans. It is a maneuver of manifest abandonment, contempt and asphyxia to a legal sector that, in any way, deserves the mistreatment it receives. A brutal and unjustified outrage designed to end the bullfighting party.
If bullfighting is legal, that the law be followed; otherwise, it would be better if those who mistreat her dared to prohibit it.