A festival held today in Sao Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, on the occasion of the World Day of the Fight against AIDS, distributed condoms and demolished prejudices with the intention of raising awareness about the importance of prevention.
The event featured musical concerts by Brazilian artists and social actions to put an end to the myths about this disease, whose mortality rate in Brazil was 4.8 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in 2017, 16.5% less than in 2014 .
In the middle of the Anhembi sambadrome, the organizers of the baptized "Prudence Fest" distributed condoms.
In addition, the attendance of members of Barong, an NGO focused on education and sexual health of the population, is expected to solve doubts about AIDS and HIV.
AIDS is what the disease is called and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) refers to the virus that causes it, one of which can be a carrier and never suffer from the disease.
According to a survey prepared by the organization "DKT International", 47% of young Brazilians between 14 and 24 years old recognize that they do not use a condom in their sexual relations.
The poll, which heard more than 1,500 people in the South American country, revealed that about three out of four never made an analysis to know if it is HIV carrier. Another 21.6% believe there is a cure for AIDS.
According to data from the Ministry of Health, between 1980 and June 2018 a total of 926,742 cases of AIDS were identified in Brazil.
Together with the drop in the number of deaths, the rate of detection of the disease also fell by 15.7%, from 21.7 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012 to 18.3 last year in the same proportion.
The Brazilian government attributed these results to the guarantee of treatment for all, an initiative launched in 2013, the improvement in the diagnosis and the universalization of the analyzes, which has helped to reduce the time between detection and initiation of treatment.
The Brazilian Interdisciplinary Association of AIDS (Abia) celebrated in a note the advances of the last years, but it was worried to consider that both the HIV detection rates, as well as the mortality rates for AIDS, continue high.
He also called for more attention for the most vulnerable populations, such as young gays, transsexuals and blacks, who are the most affected by the disease and face difficulties in entering the Brazilian public health system.
On the other hand, different NGOs have protested this week against budget cuts and have warned about the consequences of the controversial spending ceiling approved during the administration of President Michel Temer, in power since mid-2016 and whose term ends on January 1.
These measures "have led to the extinction of AIDS programs in municipalities where the epidemic requires actions", which puts "Brazil's AIDS policy at risk", according to a note in the NGO / AIDS AIDS Forum. State of Sao Paulo.