The Minister of Foreign Affairs, EU and Cooperation, Josep Borrell, believes that Spain can only overcome the "centrifugal tendencies and territorial tensions" that have returned despite believing themselves "overcome" if it offers a "positive vision", not with authoritarian forms and imposed, but "offer everyone an attractive project of coexistence."
Borrell has pointed out that Spain has not been able to elaborate "a story" that puts in value the historical Spanish experience and that it is a fundamental base of the foreign policy. "Spain has not had anyone to write it", he said, and has not had a story, "except those of nationalist exaltation" that, moreover, have put "the wrong side of history."
In addition, he highlighted that the campaigns of discredit against Spain have fallen "in a fertile humus" because they have found that the Spaniards are the country of the West "with the lowest self-esteem", an opinion of themselves much worse than that you have it from outside.
Borrell expressed himself during the presentation of the book 'Spain, a global history', by the diplomat Luis Francisco Martínez Montes, together with the Secretary of State for Global Spain, Irene Lozano and the journalist Enric Giuliana, who accompanied the author. The minister has made it clear that he has not ordered the book in the current context, but that it has been written for some time, but wants to give it a new impulse so that it does not go unnoticed. It is not about "vainglory," he said, but about Spain feeling satisfied with what she has done.
The work, originally published in English, is conceived as "part of a strategy of public diplomacy at a time when the image of Spain is again in question from some media and centers of power", to explain the history of Spain as one of the most dynamic centers of global history and not as the "periphery" and its contributions to the history of civilization throughout the world, has explained Casa de América, which has been the setting for the presentation.
The contributions of the School of Salamanca to economic theory and facts such as that the real of eight Spanish is the inspiration of the US dollar, that the first Chinese grammar was written by a Spaniard or that in a Peruvian church there is a Mudejar coffered ceiling are some examples mentioned in the book to explain that Spain has been, in the minister's words, a "connector of worlds".
"TONS OF DESCRÉDITO"
Borrell has mentioned the "black legend" as "the first major media operation and very successful" of discredit against Spain, prior to the 'fake news'. Much later came the 2008 and the euro crisis and, now, the Catalan separatists, with which "have fallen on Spain tons of discredit, denigrating the Spanish judicial and political system." That campaign, he said, presents Spain as "a failed country, with a premodern, authoritarian, ineffective political structure and condemned to remain on the periphery of Europe and globalization."
The author explained that the attacks on Spain during the euro crisis are, in part, the origin of the book, especially after an editorialist in a German newspaper published an article of his expressed surprise that Spain is not I was defending.
The minister, for his part, considers that Spain now has a "favorable situation" to promote this story, and has opted to do so "extracting an account of the modernizing elements of our relationship with Europe, with Latin America and with the Arab world." In a context of certain "drift" of the western world, he said, Spain would have to "affirm itself as a country and as a society incardinated in the European project".
"VIOLENCE IS THE COMADRONA OF HISTORY"
From his recent trips to Latin America, Borrell stressed that there is a sense of bond "far superior to the memory of the violence that conquests implied because inevitably, violence is the midwife of history", and has defended that, with a language that is the second most spoken in the world, all the countries united by him have "great political potential".
"Every conquest sheds blood, but Spain, in its imperial past, developed things that go beyond brute force, created a new society, a miscegenation," he said. Spain, he pointed out, created universities and wrote the New Indian Laws that protected the rights of the Indians.
In full controversy with the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has asked Spain to apologize for the conquest, the minister recalled that Hernán Cortés could not have conquered the Aztec empire but because he took advantage of the "quarrels between Indians "with a" diplomatic intelligence worthy of Alexander the Great ". Thus, the conquest had some "civil war between Indians" and the independence of "civil war between Spaniards", between those who wanted independence and those who wanted to remain loyal to a metropolis that, meanwhile, was invaded by a foreign power.
Participants in the event also expressed the desire to know better the Spanish contribution to the independence of the United States, in personalities such as Bernardo de Gálvez.