Bioenergy – the energy derived from fuels of biological origin, such as biodiesel and bioethanol – will lead the growth of renewable energy by 2023, the International Energy Agency (IEA) assured today.
The IEA has published a report in London where it predicts that in the next five years renewable energy will continue to expand, representing 40% of the global growth in energy consumption.
According to "Renewables 2018", the use of renewable energies, safer for the environment than fossil fuels such as oil, will grow especially in the electricity sector, and it is estimated that in 2023 they will represent a third of electricity generation global.
Due to lower institutional support, renewable energy will expand at a slower pace in the transportation and heating sectors, the agency says.
In the electricity generation sector, although solar and wind energy also rise, bioenergy is expected to be the most important source, given that it is more established in the complicated transportation and heating sectors.
"Modern bioenergy has great potential for future growth, but it is essential that the right policies and strict regulations are applied to ensure sustainability," the executive director of the IEA, Fatih Birol, said in a statement.
According to the environmental groups, the risks of bioenergy, based on fuels obtained from plants and their derivatives, are linked to the displacement that can be produced from crops used today to produce food and with a possible increase in these crops, which would affect food security.
In addition, it is feared that pressure will increase to extend crops to fragile ecosystems or to forests and forests, in order to increase the production of vegetables susceptible to be transformed into fuel, such as cereals and sugars.