Two years after a 1-O that dusk with hundreds of wounded, the justice continues to investigate the charges of the National Police and the Civil Guard, without clarifying who planned them, while deciding whether the Mossos dome violated the order to prevent the referendum with a lax intervention before the vote.
Just five pages had the car in which, on the eve of 1-O, the magistrate of the Superior Court of Justice of Catalonia (TSJC) Mercedes Armas ordered the three police forces to "join forces" to act together and prevent the referendum, suspended by the Constitutional Court.
"This happens, necessarily, by adopting all those measures that prevent the achievement of the referendum, without affecting normal citizen coexistence," added Armas, in a phrase to which the management of the Mossos d'Esquadra held on to defend the design of your device for the 1-O: send binomials of uniformed agents to take minutes to the voting centers. In that way, they say, they managed to close about 400 stores without incident.
The Prosecutor's Office saw in this police planning a complicity of the Mossos with the unilateral plans of the Government towards independence, for which Major Josep Lluís Trapero held responsible, ceased with 155 and will be tried next January in the National Court for a crime of rebellion, along with one of its mayors and the dome of the Department of Interior.
At the same time, courts of the entire Catalan geography opened investigations for the role of the Mossos in the referendum - almost twenty were counted, the majority instigated by complaints of individuals -, which has led dozens of agents to parade before the accused judge for disobedience.
Most of these investigations for disobedience have ended up archived, but others are still hovering over the controls of the regional police: in Cornellà (Barcelona) the one that was the dome of Mossos on 1-O is investigated, including the chief in the stage of 155 Ferran López, and in Sabadell (Barcelona) the now senior commissioner Cristina Manresa.
The fate of these investigations will depend, to a large extent, on the facts that the Supreme Court considers proven in its judgment in the case of "procés", a case in which the Prosecutor's Office places the Mossos d'Esquadra, under the direction of the ex-seller of Interior Joaquim Forn, as one of the pillars of the unilateral road map.
Faced with the delicate intervention of the Catalan police, the forcefulness exhibited by the National Police and the Civil Guard in front of the vote: after being abandoned by the Mossos, those responsible for both bodies in the Supreme Court argued, they sent to repress the referendum to their riot police, bound to break through hostile voters to whom they had no choice but to charge.
There are several judicial investigations that aroused the actions of the National Police and the Civil Guard to prevent 1-O, mainly focused on the courts of Barcelona, Manresa (Barcelona), Amposta (Tarragona) and Girona, some investigations that in total cover about 80 agents investigated.
The judicial statements of the accused have not served to clarify who designed the police device and ordered the charges, which began early in the morning in voting centers throughout Catalonia - some of great symbolic weight, such as the municipal pavilion of Sant Julià de Ramis (Girona) where Carles Puigdemont should go to vote - and they were interrupted at noon, with numerous voting centers still crowded.
Nor did the political leaders of the Ministry of Interior who were questioned in the "procés" trial, from the former Secretary of State for Security José Antonio Nieto, Colonel Diego Pérez de los Cobos who coordinated the security device against the 1-O or former Interior Minister Juan Ignacio Zoido, who attributed the decisions on charges to a generic "operative".
On the other hand, in the court of instruction number 7 of Barcelona, where the investigation is more advanced, the national police investigated said they received instructions from a coordination center, which they called "Head of Intervention Unit", but without specifying who was part of it. .
This has motivated the imputation of eight chief inspectors of the National Police who directed the devices, by order of the Audience of Barcelona, which, following an appeal filed by the Barcelona City Council, forced the judge to investigate the guidelines given to the Agents
In the resolution that forced the imputation of the inspectors - dependent on testifying before the judge -, the Hearing requires clarifying whether the National Police limited itself to complying "as strictly ordered by the TSJC" to prevent the referendum or if there was a "disproportionate use of violence "against voters.
Already converted into an epic day of the independence movements, the 1-O concluded with hundreds of parts of injuries in the courts - the Generalitat estimated the number of affected in more than a thousand, balance that the Government questioned - and endless images of incidents that served as ammunition, both accusations and defenses, in the "procés" trial.
(tagsToTranslate) judicial fronts (t) (t) loads (t) inaction (t) Mossos