The polling stations of Bavaria opened today at 06.00 GMT to celebrate the regional elections of this prosperous "Land", considered of great relevance for the government of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel.
Some 9.5 million voters are summoned to the polls, in a poll in which polls suggest that the Bavarian Social Christian Union (CSU), a member of Merkel's conservative bloc, will lose an absolute majority.
The Social Democratic Party (SPD) is predicted to lose its status as second force in the "Land" and will be overtaken by the Greens.
The Bavarian party, the dominant force in this prosperous federal state since the 1960s, has been awarded a poll of 33 to 35% support, which will be a record low for training.
The SPD, a partner in Merkel's grand coalition, is expected to receive 12%, while the Greens are predicted 19%, a historic maximum for this match in the traditional Bavarian "Land".
It is estimated that the far right Alternative for Germany (AfD) will enter the regional chamber with 10% support, the same percentage that is given to the Free Voters – CSU decision -, while the Liberal Party (FDP) would remain in 5.5%.
If confirmed these forecasts, CSU will be doomed to seek alliances and, barring surprises, it does not seem that it will have enough with the FDP, party with which it governed between 2008 and 2013.
Apart from the expected shock to the Bavarian political spectrum, the elections will foreseeably affect the grand coalition between the conservative Merkel bloc and the Social Democrats, which was sealed in March after a laborious negotiating process.
The alliance has been weighed down by frequent crises and threats of rupture, mainly by the leader of the CSU and Minister of the Interior, Horst Seehofer.
The Greens, on the other hand, are preparing to celebrate the boom drawn by the polls, both in the Bavarian elections and in terms of the intention to vote on a national scale.
According to estimates of public television ZDF, until yesterday there were 40% of citizens who have not yet defined their vote and who could make it way to the ballot box.
The polling stations will be open until 16.00 GMT.