"Mexico has better chroniclers than novelists," says the writer and journalist Elena Poniatowska. He gives as an example Héctor Aguilar Camín: "He made a book about the northern border and his novels do not surpass that book, which is a chronicle." The Mexican, winner of the Cervantes Prize in 2013, he says in an interview that will be broadcast tonight at the opening of the Festival Based on Real Events, With which Argentina celebrates and pays homage to nonfiction.
In the talk, advanced by Clarion, Poniatowska reveals because in his writing the chronicle was imposed on fiction, with essential books such as The night of Tlaletloco, the massacre against the student movement of October 2, 1968, of which just turned 50 years. "Weighed a lot more nonfiction because the problems of the country for me became so hot and important that if I started writing about my Aunt Cuquita and the number of rosaries that she prayed every day and suddenly there was an earthquake outside, no I was going to be in front of the machine to write about my aunt Cuquita. "
The Mexican writer speaks of her personal experience, but many of her Latin American colleagues also found in reality an inexhaustible material for her books. In Magnetized, Carlos Busqued condenses a 90-hour conversation with Ricardo Melogno, the man who murdered four taxi drivers in 1982 and has spent more than 34 years in jails and psychiatric wards. In its pages the tough childhood of Melogno, but also the hell of the Argentine penal and psychiatric system in which they are trapped, and sometimes forgotten, some prisoners. Rodolfo Palacios has immersed himself in the lives of some of the country's greatest murderers, Robledo Puch, whom he portrayed in The black angel Y Ricardo Barreda, a dentist who killed his entire family.
With Dad's jump, Martín Sivak, invited to the first edition of the festival, wanted to reconstruct the tragic history of his family and especially his father. But the book is also a story of the Argentina of the eighties and the murky relations between money, politics and the military that proliferated on the continent. If in Sivak's book corruption was in the background, in The roots of evil, from the investigative journalist Hugo Alconada Mon, is the heart. The book, a success of sales, radiography the system of corruption and impunity that has worked in Argentina for decades.
In its second edition, the festival focuses on new narrative forms and transformations caused by technology. "The idea is to be able to bring a little light on narratives in which we are all immersed all the time without realizing it, from a post on Facebook to a diary note or a podcast, many times we consume it without being aware of what it's happening back there, "said Victoria Rodríguez Lacrouts in the presentation of Based on Real Facts.
Among this year's international guests there are two war correspondents: the British Christina Lamb, co-author of I am Malala, on Young Pakistani Malala Yousafzai, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, and the Italian Domenico Quirico. Also there will be the Peruvian journalist Nelly Luna Amancio, founder of the website Ojo-publico.com; the Colombian Camila Segura, from Radio Ambulante; the Cuban Carlos Manuel Álvarez; the Mexican Marcela Turati; and the Spanish Agus Morales, director of the magazine 5W. Among the national authors will be Hernán Casciari, Betina González, Ana Wajszczuk, Julián Gorodischer, María O'Donnell, Horacio Convertini and Luciana Peker.
Workshops, the exhibition of a documentary about the Nobel Prize for Literature Svetlana Alexievich, a photographic exhibition and the presentation of a prize for the best unpublished chronicle about nonfiction are some of the activities parallel to the round tables that will take place between today and Saturday.