Baleares approves the Waste Law that prohibits straws and plastic bags

Baleares approves the Waste Law that prohibits straws and plastic bags


The Balearic Islands has earned the distinctive "eco-friendly" for its war against plastic. The government of this community has approved a decree prohibiting the use of plastic straws, ear swabs, non-reusable lighters, printing cartridges and coffee capsules made of non-compostable materials, among others, starting in 2021. The same year will be the first in which the one-use plastic bags are compulsorily sold.

The Balearic Islands thus becomes the first Spanish territory to adhere to the mandate of the European Union that establishese by 2021 the waste generated must be reduced by 10% and 20% by 2030. The new Waste Law of the Balearic Islands establishes penalties between 300 and 2,000 euros and transfers the obligation to municipalities to adopt appropriate ordinances.

On the occasion of his defense, the Minister of Environment, Agriculture and Fisheries, Vicenç Vidal, of the MES per Mallorca economicists, stressed that this is a "pioneering and courageous law" at European level to promote "a change in model "which requires the commitment of" citizens, administrations and companies ". The objective of this law is "to face the challenge" of protecting the environment of the archipelago, both by citizens and the millions of tourists who arrive each year to the islands, said the Minister, who stressed that the "best waste is the one that is not generated. " Vidal has specified that Baleares manages 800,000 tons of waste per year and has highlighted the consensus achieved for the approval of the law after receiving some 800 contributions.

The regulation establishes that the municipalities will have to adapt their ordinances to promote the reduction of waste with concrete measures against practices such as throwing butts on the beaches and will promote the installation of drinking water sources in public buildings, where there will have to be alternatives to the sale of packaged beverages.

It is contemplated the reduction of up to 50% of the food discarded shops, bars, restaurants and kitchens of public establishments such as hospitals and schools, for which mechanisms of distribution with soup kitchens and charities will be enabled.

The legal project contains ambitious objectives such as achieve 75% of the recycling of packaging in 2030. That same year, a maximum of 10% of the waste could end up in landfills and a minimum of 65% of the paper, metal, glass, plastic and domestic organic waste would have to be recycled. The separate collection, essential to meet these aspirations, should be implemented in public and private establishments in two years and the consistories should offer separate collection at home of organic matter, oils, textile and hazardous waste.

Formentera, island without cars

The Balearic Parliament has also approved the Law for the environmental and economic sustainability of the island of Formentera whereby will limit the entry of vehicles to the island to end saturation in high season. This new law sets a limit on the circulation of cars, motorcycles and vans during the tourist season and a maximum for rental companies and, on the other hand, enhances the use of public transport and sustainable mobility. In addition, the Consell de Formentera will approve a tax that will tax the entry of vehicles on the island, which in summer multiplies its fleet by five: in Formentera some 30,000 vehicles circulate in summer through a road network of 38.5 kilometers in length. The Consell de Formentera will soon establish the quota of vehicles that can circulate around the island from next summer.

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