The president of the employers of the employment agencies Asempleo, Andreu Cruañas, rejects that the increase of 22.3% of the minimum interprofessional salary (SMI) of 2019 has destroyed employment, although he does perceive an increase of the submerged economy linked to contracts Fraudulent part time.
In an interview with Efe, the president of Asempleo says that "from the (Labor) Inspection they were detecting that, in some cases, some full-time hiring had been passed part-time and that this is suggesting a certain boom in undeclared employment and submerged economy in the case of part time. "
That said, Cruañas makes it clear that they have not found an impact on employment due to the rise in SMI last year to 900 euros.
Despite this, he insists on the need for the increases in the SMI to be made with the agreement of the social agents, as agreed for 2020, placing it at 950 euros (5.5%).
"Salary increases are better agreed in collective bargaining," says the president of Asempleo, since, if you can not impact prices, "or the employer supports or lost competitiveness."
It also calls for the need for these increases to be accompanied by "human capital training measures to be able to attend scenarios of greater added value and thus be able to compete, not in salaries, but in advanced services."
He believes that the rise for 2020 is "perfectly acceptable", but warns that it may affect the agreements of collective agreements this year, "stressing upwards" the negotiation of the intermediate ranges of the salary tables.
Employers and unions must begin to develop a new AENC, a framework agreement that serves as a recommendation for the negotiation of collective agreements, since the current one expires this year.
But that negotiation, he warns, could be compromised in its "speed and intensity" by the changes that the Government carries out when repealing the labor reform.
"The group of collective bargaining is going to be clearly influenced by the parallel negotiation that there is of the thrusts that are wanted to give to the labor reform and of the times that they want to mark", emphasizes Cruañas.
On one of the aspects to be modified in the labor reform, Cruañas believes that repealing the prevalence of the company agreement would rest more responsibility on the sector scope by empowering social agents, although he demands that it be carried out with a "flexible and pragmatics".
Thus, he considers that we must leave "certain questions of salary and rights" in a sectorial area, because "sometimes in companies there is no real bargaining power", but giving "room" for them to adapt the framework of relations with workers with their needs.
On the validity of the agreements (ultraactivity), unlimited before, but restricted to 1 year in the labor reform, Cruañas believes that we must "find an intermediate scenario to allow time for the new negotiation to come to a good end", a term that, In his opinion, he could be in the 2 years.
For the president of Asempleo, it is urgent to negotiate a new model of training for employment making the qualification permanent in the life of the worker and bringing the needs of companies to the programming and execution of these programs.
"It is important that active policies have a conception of unity and training," says Cruañas, who doubts that job training competencies are now from the Ministry of Education: "The educational world is a little further from the reality of what companies demand. "
After a fourth quarter somewhat better than expected for employment, the labor market will continue to grow in 2020, says the employer's leader of the placement agencies, although the scope of the labor measures that are still to be realized could be affected, which could affect the hiring and new projects of the companies.
The labor market will be closely linked to the economy, whose Cruañas growth has set between 1.2% and 1.3% in the first quarter of the year, after which upward inflection could occur, although it will depend on the intensity of Fiscal measures