"Artificial intelligence and machines have a margin of error of 3% while humans have a margin of error of 5%. Today, they are better than us. " Words from Anita Schjøll Brede, CEO and co-founder of Iris.ai, one of the most innovative artificial intelligence startups of 2017 according to Fast Company. Although he trusts the growth of technology, Schjøll also warns that "we want AI to be complementary to our brain, but they are limited and biased. Therefore, we need to develop this technology from ethical frameworks, "explained Singularity.
Artificial intelligence was one of the many topics discussed in the second and last day of the SingularityU Spain Summit 2019, event organized by Talent Garden in collaboration with Deloitte, Vodafone, ASISA and CEOE Formación. The meeting brought together over two days in Madrid more than 1,000 attendees and 11 experts from Silicon Valley and Europe, all with the aim of talking about emerging technologies that benefit society, such as 3D printing, blockchain or robotics .
Precisely, this last field has favored, according to detailed biomedical engineer Adam Pantanowitz, "the emersion of a large number of industries born with the dawn of robotic intelligence". The ability to solve problems of these machines is something to take into account because, for him, "you just have to think about how long it takes humans to develop and how soon it takes a robot to learn the complexity of the environment and make their own decisions." " However, the South African engineer insisted on the importance of manufacturing and using these machines from an ethical perspective. "In the US there are already robots that integrate weapons, but no progress has yet been made in autonomous car policies," he concluded.
The moral use of the latest technologies has been a common factor in practically the whole day, as well as a very close issue for Dr. Divya Chander. An expert in neuroscience, Chander explained to the audience several experimental projects that are already being applied in this area of medicine, such as the use of ultrasound to treat Alzheimer's disease or the neuronal mapping of the brain using algorithms. "But I want you to think about the responsibility that entails," said the doctor, warning that a technology that allows knowing the brain 100% could be used to modify intelligence. "How could children in a class compete with a classmate who has that privilege?"
Even so, all the speakers agreed that the approach of technology to society will bring more positive than negative consequences. It is the example of the devices of Augmented Reality and Virtual, tools "that already existed for decades but that we have only been able to consume until now", as commented Aaron Frank of Singularity University. And, although he has focused mainly on leisure, Frank believes that smart glasses and Visual Augmented Reality and Virtual will be part of the training field because "learning is 34% faster when used."
For her part, Anne Connelly, also from Singularity University, believes that technological decentralization "is not only changing the way we are interacting, but the structure of society is also changing." And he gave the example of the blockchain, a tool in which he is an expert and that "gives the user ownership of his own data" by eliminating intermediaries between transactions. "With this decentralized network, authoritarian governments can not freeze the accounts of their citizens," he explained.
How is the future?
Not only was the present discussed on the last day of the SingularityU Spain Summit 2019, but also of the future of technology. In this sense, Carlo van de Weijer, director of the Strategic Area Smart Mobility of the University of Technology of Eindhoven, was very hopeful with the mobility sector. "In a couple of years it will be cheaper to drive an electric car, it will be possible to have one of them for 100 euros a month," he said, also predicting a good destination for autonomous cars despite the controversy regarding their safety. "Using them would prevent many accidents, and otherwise the IA would learn from it so that it never happens again," he said.
The exponential growth of technology, something that was already discussed on the first day of the event, will be the cause of this good technological future in sectors such as 3D printing, and it is something that can already be seen. "Bridges have been printed in Amsterdam in just 30 days," said Scott Summit, design director of 3D Systems, which defines this technology as "part of our lives, although it is not perceived." In addition, Summit stressed that three-dimensional printing will be responsible for savings and growth in very diverse fronts, such as aeronautics or housing. "It is planned to print 25% of buildings and apply technology to airplanes, saving 10% in fuel."
Of similar opinion is Yago Tenorio, director of Network Strategy & Architecture at Vodafone. According to him, exponential technology will have an important role in the world of mobile operators with a career that will begin by "democratizing the real network, taking it to that 40% of the world population that still does not enjoy it". This would lead to increasingly ambitious improvements, such as drones with SIM identity, IoT devices that give personalized advice depending on the user or even a future without smartphones, "where the user can consult everything on screens installed in cars, tables ... The idea is that of smartphone as a service, not as a product. "
Technology to improve life
The common theme of both days was summarized in that technology has greatly benefited society. This is the opinion of Peter Diamandis, executive co-founder of Singularity University, who describes our era as "of abundance in the face of scarcity". "Technology has doubled the life expectancy of the human being in only one hundred years, but not only that, it has also reduced costs", he explains, adding that "the first calls cost $ 10, something unthinkable today being on the verge of implantation of 5G ".
Ramez Naam, futurologist and director of Apex Nanotechnologies, concluded the conference continuing with the idea of cheaper technological costs, but this time focused on renewable energy. "At the end of the 1990s, wind generators only reached 10% of their capacity and in less than 30 years they have increased it to 150%", a fact to be taken into account with "the more than one billion people who live without Energy".