Argentina asks for "memory" in the 43 anniversary of the beginning of the dictatorship



Thousands of Argentines throughout the country took to the streets this Sunday to ask for "memory" on the 43rd anniversary of the coup d'état that gave birth to the country's last civil-military dictatorship (1976-1983) with activities that had its epicenter in the marches of Buenos Aires.

In the Argentine capital several mobilizations called by civil associations and human rights took the streets of the city in the direction of the emblematic Plaza de Mayo, witness for years of the rounds of mothers and grandmothers of the disappeared in dictatorship and today scene of the act most massive of the day.

With slogans such as "memory, truth and justice", "never again" and "there are 30,000" (the disappeared), the demonstrators filled the streets with their presence and color, like that of the Argentine carnival street musicians, who were performing dances, associations LGTBI or Candombe (rhythm of African origin typical of the Rio de la Plata) that made their drums an instrument of protest more.

The day had its peak when the Grandmothers and Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo took the stage to read a statement, which also involved human rights associations, in which they claimed the "punishment of all genocide and civil participants" in one of the most bloodthirsty processes in Argentine history.

"43 years after the genocidal coup, in this Plaza de Mayo we reaffirm our vindication for the 30,000 disappeared and continue fighting for the homeland with which they dreamed," recited one of the most recognized members of Mothers of Plaza de Mayo. Founding Line, Taty Almeida

He also recalled that "memory and truth are the tools to recover" the rights and sent a message to the Government, which recriminated that "seeks to deny" the disappeared in dictatorship.

"Of the 30,000 we owe their faces in the photos, T-shirts (shirts), pins (lighters), their names on streets and schools, we see them in all the struggles, although the government tries to deny them they are present and they are 30,000," he said. stage surrounded by many of her female wrestlers in front of a large red floral ornament with the number 30,000.

Another of those in charge of reading the speech to the thousands of present was the president of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo, Estela de Carlotto, who recalled the long process by which they passed since they began to raise their voices for the disappearance of their beings dear ones

"Mothers and grandmothers have suffered contempt, indifference, mistreatment ... but collective construction taught us to take care of ourselves and to care for each other, we weave ties and so we begin to know about the destiny of our sons and daughters, about the whereabouts of our granddaughters and granddaughters, and it was the people who claimed the truth "stressed De Carlotto.

He also urged that progress be made in the search for the disappeared so that they do not have to "fire more grandmothers without having been able to find their grandchild whom they sought for decades."

De Carlotto called on those present to "break the silence" and "commit to history" so as not to forget a past that is present today. "

Prior to the reading of the manifesto, the organizers paid tribute through a video to the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF), which has played a key role in the identification of missing persons since it was founded in 1984.

The EAAF, which also took advantage of this National Day of Memory to launch a new campaign to identify missing persons through blood samples, preserves more than 1,000 bodies of disappeared by judicial order.

In its more than 30 years of history, the EAAF recovered more than 1,400 bodies and has identified 795 disappeared.

In this edition of the Day of Remembrance the protests included the "freedom of political prisoners" and above all the punishment of those responsible for the crimes against humanity committed during the dictatorship.

Argentina has condemned more than 900 people for these crimes since 2008, three years after the Supreme Court of Justice declared the unconstitutionality of the end-point and due obedience laws sanctioned in 1986 and 1987 that interrupted the hundreds of cases opened after end of the dictatorship.

Among those convicted in these proceedings is the dictator Jorge Videla, who was given a life sentence and spent the rest of his days in prison until his death in 2013.

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