Israeli novelist Amos Oz has died today at the age of 79, according to his daughter. The prominent writer and journalist has died a victim of cancer.
"To those who love him, thank you," Fania Oz-Salzberger wrote on Twitter.
Prince of Asturias Award for Letters and proposed several times for the Nobel Prize for Literature, he published periodically his articles of opinion in the main newspapers of Europe and the USA, almost always referred to the exit of the long Arab-Israeli conflict that, according to him, must be agreed upon.
Israeli writer, journalist and academic has been one of the most influential authors of his country, where he exercised a critical voice with the Hebrew governments for four decades. Committed generationally to peace and harmony in the Arab-Israeli conflict, he was one of the founders of the Israeli peace movement 'Peace Now' or 'Shalom Ajshav'.
He was professor of Literature in the Ben-Gurión University of Beer Sheba, in the Néguev and member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
As a leftist journalist and intellectual, he was a detractor of Israel's settlement policy in Palestinian territory and one of the defenders of the stalled peace process.
Of Russian and Central European descent, Amos Klausner was born on May 4, 1939 in Jerusalem. He wanted to be a musician and studied Philosophy and Literature at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Son of a right-wing Zionist family, who fled in 1917 from Odessa to Palestine, at 15 he rebelled against bourgeois values and the conservatism of his family.
He changed his paternal surname, Klausner, for the also Hebrew of Oz ('courage, determination, strength') and went from farmer to the 'kibbutz' of Hulda, a new home from which he left to pursue the race, to do military service ( 1961) and fight in the Six Day Wars (1967) in the Sinai and the Yom Kippur (1973) in the Golan Heights.
He was a visiting professor at the Universities of Oxford (1969-1970) and Colorado (1984-1985) and devoted himself to writing and teaching literature at Ben Gurion University in his country.
Characteristics of his style are the narrative clarity and placing oneself in the skin of the other, to which it adds a good dose of humor, irony and paradox, characteristics that it reveals in order to narrate the conflicts and in the vital tensions that drag the ideologies, the geographical borders and the personal histories. His works have been translated into more than 30 languages, including Arabic.
Author of novels and essays, among his first works stand out, 'Where the jackals howl (1965); 'My husband Mikhael' (1968), chosen in Germany by a jury as one of the hundred best novels of the twentieth century; 'Hasta la muerte' (1971); 'Touch the water, touch the wind' (1973); 'The hill of the bad advice' (1976); and 'Soumchi' (1978).
He also published 'A real break' (1982), 'A perfect peace' (1982), 'The black box' (1987), 'To meet a woman' (1989), 'The third condition' (1991), ' Do not say Night '(1998),' A panther in the basement '(1998),' The same sea '(2002), his celebrated novel autobiographya 'A story of love and darkness' (2002), 'The Bicycle of Sumji' (2005) or "Verses of life and death" as well as essays like 'Voices of Israel' (1986), "Israel, Palestine and Peace" (1994), "All our hope" ( 1998) or 'Against fanaticism' (2006).
In his work he explored the conflicts and anxieties of contemporary Israeli society and, more specifically, the pressures that people endure for ideology, geographical borders and the harsh historical past.
Regarding the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the author was confident that "one day there will be a Palestinian embassy in Israel and an Israeli embassy in Palestine," which will be very close because "West Jerusalem will be the capital of Israel and East Jerusalem the capital of the Palestinian State. "
His latest novels, Entre amigos (2013) or Judas (2014), Oz remained faithful to his literary and personal identity: creativity, political sensitivity and human commitment.
Awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Letters 2007, in recognition of 'the defense of peace among peoples' as well as 'the denunciation of all expressions of fanaticism', was the Literature Prize of Israel (1988), and among the numerous distinctions received, the one of Official of the Arts and Letters of France, the Goethe Prize for Literature (2005) for his autobiographical book 'A History of Love and Darkness', the Franz Kafka Prize (2013), the Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit (2014) and He is Knight of the Cross of the French Legion of Honor.