On January 1, the tax on fuels will increase, but not with the same intensity in all the autonomous communities. This is due to the fact that the Budgets of the State of the Government of Rajoy approved by the Congress on May 23 reflect a harmonization of the autonomic stretch of the Special Tax on Hydrocarbons, tax applied by all regions on gasoline and diesel except Castilla y León, Cantabria, La Rioja, Navarra, the Basque Country and the Canary Islands. In addition, among those who have this tax, some do it withthe highest section, of 4.8 euro cents per liter, and others with lower sections of 3.84 and 1.7 cents.
This situation -which has its origin in the «Sanitary cent» that Aznar's government approved in 2002- since then has caused a border effect between regions that do not have this tax, or have it in the lowest range, and those that have it. The problem has been criticized by oil companies, service station entrepreneurs and fleet drivers.
What the Budgets do is eliminate this imbalance, equaling the aforementioned autonomic section. The question is that that necessaryHarmonization is done using the highest fork section, which will increase the prices of fuel in most regions, especially in Castilla y León, La Rioja, Navarra, Basque Country, Cantabria and the Canary Islands, where the autonomic section is 0 cents per liter.
Currently there is a general state tax that taxes the unleaded gasoline of 95 octane with 40.07 cents per liter and 30.7 cents that of gas oil. There is also the special state type, of 2.4 euro cents per liter for both fuels. In parallel to this tax is the autonomic section, which ranges from 0 to 4.8 cents. This will now be added to the special state rate, so from January 1 it will be 7.2 cents per liter.
That is, the 95 octane gasoline It will have a tax rate of 47.27 cents per liter and diesel of 37.9 cents. In addition, we must add the VAT, which is 21%. This means that 56% of the retail price of gasoline are taxed, percentage that is 52% in diesel.
The Ministry of Finance, headed by Cristóbal Montoro, explained that upward harmonization was part of the European regulations and aimed to guarantee the unity of the market. In addition, the resources obtained by this increase will go integral to the autonomous communities.
Those Budgets reflect an increase in 689 million Hydrocarbons tax collection, up to 11,570 million. As the communities have 58% of the income -the rest is collected by the State- and in view of the increase in the rate at which it has an impact, their income will increase by 390 million in 2019, according to the accounts of the PP.
Higher diesel tax
The increase in the taxation of fuels does not end here, since in the coming months the Socialist Government will raise the diesel tax. In principle, they will be 3.8 cents more each liter (since January 1 are 37.9 cents). The intention of the Executive of Pedro Sanchez is to progressively equalize the taxation of this fuel to that of gasoline (47.27 cents). It also contributes to discourage the consumption of diesel, fuel that has been put in the pillory by the EU in general and by the Spanish Ministry of Ecological Transition in particular.