The Ministry of Agriculture, the autonomous communities and all the agrarian and environmental organizations begin this week the negotiations for the elaboration of strategic plan of the sector that marks the agrarian policy to apply in the next decade. These negotiations will be developed according to a schedule foreseen throughout this year to analyze needs and propose answers within the framework of the new reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), although its entry into force is delayed from 2020 to 2022 or 2023.
The Commission requires each Member State to draw up a strategic plan, which in the case of Spain will serve to locate the more than 45,000 million that it will receive over a period of four years as direct aid and for rural development.
From the department led by Luis Planas it is estimated that the fact that general elections have been called will not change the development of negotiations on the basic points, which have already been agreed upon in a sectoral conference between autonomous socialist and popular governments.
The current regulations proposed by the Commission for the reform of the CAP contemplate the achievement of nine major objectives in terms of economy, profitability of farms, market management, food chain, environmental, climate change and sustainable development and social, such as the relay generational or rural depopulation.
Profitability and rural desplobación
In the face of the elaboration of this plan, the negotiations will start looking for ways out for the profitability of the agricultural exploitations and the improvement of the alimentary security. It will also analyze the causes that are causing the depopulation of rural areas and the measures to attract young people for their incorporation into agricultural activity, as well as to facilitate business development in these areas.
Before the community proposals and in the face of negotiations for the new reform, the government approved last November the position of Spain from the development of a single strategic plan against the initiatives of some autonomous communities to develop their own.
This position contemplates the need to maintain the current budget and the levels of co-financing, raise from 12% to 15% subsidies associated with production and sectoral interventions, maintain 2% of the budget for young people, raise aid for installation from 60,000 to 100,000 euros, limit payments by request to 100,000 euros and cut them from 60,000 euros.
It is also proposed to define the genuine farmer as recipient of the aids, not forgetting the part-time ones, to maintain the aid programs in wine, fruit or beekeeping, increase the funds for risk management, agricultural and crisis insurance and improve the value chain.