This is a brief summary of the achievements, failures and duties the Climate Summit of Glasgow (COP26).
1- Fossil fuels
The bone of contention at this summit has been the debate on the future of fossil fuels. The need to “speed up” the transition towards renewable energies and cut off the tap to subsidies Petroleum, gas and coal draft after draft has been nuanced. Many countries have been reluctant to request of the scientific community to practically halve the use of oil, gas and coal in the next decade to avoid a global warming extreme. The mention has been reformulated at the last minute to achieve the consensus of the countries most dependent on these products. It is no longer required to “eliminate” coal but to “reduce” its use.
2- Climate funds
The other big topic of debate has been climate funds to help the global south cope with the advance of the climate crisis. Glasgow failed to design a clear mechanism on how finance loss and damage that climatic disasters are causing in the most vulnerable areas of the planet and has postponed the debate to next year. What this Summit has achieved is to start the commitment of developed countries so that by 2025 increase their contribution to adaptation and mitigation funds.
3- Severity of the problem
The Glasgow Summit is the first to write, black on white, that the climate crisis is an existential problem for humanity, that everything must be done to limit the global increase in temperatures to a maximum of 1.5 degrees and that to achieve this it is necessary to cut at least 45% of global emissions in the next decade. These conclusions, supported for decades by the scientific community, seem to have been unanimously accepted by governments. Many interpret it as a step forward, worthy of review at the very least.
4- More transparency
The global commitment to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases has always collided with the fear that countries will cheat. For this reason, one of the turning points This Summit has been the creation of an external body to monitor the deployment of climate policies. This new program, led by United Nations, will present annual reports on the evolution of the emission levels of each country. The first ‘fair balance’ of this entity will be delivered next year in Egypt, in the next edition of the Climate Summit.