One of the main astronomical events of 2019 will occur in the night of January 20 to 21 with a total eclipse of the Moon, which also coincides with a supermoon.
In North and South America the eclipse will be seen in its entirety late at night, while in Western Europe and northwest Africa the eclipse can be seen in progress at dawn. Hawaii and the western Pacific region will see the eclipse in progress as the Moon rises in the sky. There will not be another like this until May 26, 2021.
The first penumbral contact of the eclipse will occur at 2.37 UTC, the partial phase will occur at 3.34 and the whole will begin at 4.41. In the descending phase of the eclipse, the totality will end at 5.43 UTC, the partial phase will end at 6.51, and the last penumbral contact will occur at 7.48 UTC.
A lunar eclipse is an astronomical event that happens when the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, generating a cone of shadow that obscures the Moon. For an eclipse to happen, the three celestial bodies, the Earth, the Sun and the Moon, must be exactly aligned or very close to it, in such a way that the Earth blocks the solar rays that reach the satellite; that is why lunar eclipses can only occur in the Full Moon phase.
A lunar eclipse can be penumbral, partial that borders on the inner umbra or, as will happen in this case, a total lunar eclipse, with the Moon completely immersed in the dark umbra of the Earth.
This eclipse comes associated with a supermoon. The Moon reaches the perigee or its closest point to Earth at a distance of 357.344 kilometers on January 21 at 19.59 UTC, approximately 14 hours after the middle of the eclipse.
Is first full moon of the year It is also known as the wolf moon, according to the Algonquin Indians, a moment for the wolves to howl on the moon in the long winter nights.