An ultraviolet telescope installed on the Russian satellite Lomonosov has recorded "explosions" of light in the planet's atmosphere, whose physical nature has not been explained so far.
"With the help of the telescope, we have obtained even more important results than we expected. new physical phenomena. We still do not know its physical nature. For example, during Lomonosov's flight at an altitude of several dozens of kilometers, we have recorded several times a very powerful 'explosion' of light. But everything was clear below, without storms or clouds, "said Mikhail Panasyuk, director of the Nuclear Physics Research Institute of the Russian State University in an interview with SputnikNews.
The Russian astronomical satellite Mikhailo Lomonosov, from Moscow State University, was launched into Earth's orbit in 2016. It was designed to observe transient phenomena in the upper atmosphere of the Earth, as well as to study the radiation characteristics of the magnetosphere of the planet and for basic cosmological research. Its weight is 625 kilograms.
The satellite is equipped with a space telescope to measure the energy spectrum and chemical composition of high-energy cosmic rays from near-Earth orbit. Further, there are instrumental systems installed on board to study cosmic gamma ray bursts and the Earth's near magnetosphere.