January 28, 2021

A new book comprehensively analyzes the Cuban intervention in Venezuela

Cuban-American researcher María Werlau had to fit the pieces “like a puzzle” for her new book, in which she comprehensively addresses what she defines as the “asymmetric occupation” of Venezuela by Cuba, which, according to EFE, is “worse” than I imagined at the beginning.

“There are few books and a lot of journalistic material, so I had to assemble everything. I think there have been no serious academic works in the way in which it is necessary to take this issue,” he says shortly before presenting this Wednesday in Miami “The intervention of Cuba in Venezuela: A strategic occupation with global implications. “

“There was a lot of loose and scattered material on different angles of Cuban intervention, but there was nothing comprehensive about what was happening in Venezuela,” says Werlau, who arrived in the United States as a political refugee at the age of eight months.

“It was like a puzzle. On the way I realized that it was worse than I imagined,” he said.


The independent consultant also wants to make this material “available to analysts and governments.”

The volume, with almost 300 pages and 11 chapters, has been published by Free Society Project and is available in English and Spanish, although only in the latter language could I get the added chapter “The insurrectionary offensive of 2019: a change of tactics already rehearsed. “

“The intervention of Cuba in Venezuela: A strategic occupation with global implications” has about 1,600 bibliographic citations, more than 800 sources on the subject and, of them, more than 30 primary sources.


The volume dates back to the time of the constitutional government of Romulo Betancourt (1959-1964), whom Fidel Castro immediately visited to propose “the same thing he proposed to (Hugo) Chávez”, the “radical alliance” between the two countries that it remains despite the death of its two architects.

“Fidel arrives in Venezuela (in 1959) 15 days after entering (triumphantly) in Havana (…). He arrives with all the main staff of the rebel army and meets with Romulo Betancourt and proposes the same as he proposed to (Hugo) Chávez, “says the executive director of the NGO Free Society Proyect, better known as” Cuba Archive. “

According to Werlau, Castro was obsessed with Venezuela because of its geopolitical situation, as a gateway to the Caribbean, as well as oil wealth.

The book, which according to the author “could have been the genesis of the Castro-Chavez relationship”, has a much broader content.


“He explains how, despite being much smaller, poor and underdeveloped Cuba, he achieved the dominant role with a methodology derived from the totalitarian nature of his system,” as read in the presentation notes.

Among the oral sources that Werlau consulted are retired generals in Venezuela and in exile, as well as computer experts.

One of them is Anthony Daquin, a specialist in computer security systems, who explained to Werlau why the submarine fiber optic cable that connects both countries.


When Werlau says that, to eradicate Cuban rule over Venezuela “you have to cut the cable and start from scratch” is not a metaphor.

“In Cuba they said that (the cable) didn’t work, but I was impressed with what they have achieved,” he says.

“Cuba seizes all the identity data of Venezuelans, manages communications, the ‘social media’ (social networks). The program to monitor this is called Estela. Cuba has access to all the identity of Venezuelans; nor do you I speak of the electoral roll, “says the author.

“You don’t need a military force or weapons in the street to take a country,” Werlau explains about his concept of “asymmetric occupation.”

But the author goes further and goes into the “social engineering” employed by Castroism, in the chapter “Santeria, a sophisticated invasion.”

“Cuba had 20 more years to prepare its urban cadres, after Venezuela’s money entered the equation,” he says.


For this researcher, the life of Castro and Chavez have a certain parallel to having both received an amnesty while in prison.

“Cuba sends a contingent of troops to help in the election campaign of Chavez, who said he was not a socialist, lying, because that was part of the plan,” he says.

“When Chávez goes to Cuba in 1994, it was already arranged. Castro had proposed it in this role as his dolphin in the capture of the continent,” says the author.

“Fidel is the one who takes him to Havana and, although they have lied about this, there is a source that confirms that Fidel sent him to look,” adds Werlau, who worked for three years in Venezuela with Chase Manhattan Bank.

For the author, “the socialism of the 21st century, as instructed in Venezuela, has significant structural failures, because it requires a lot of time and money to dismantle democratic institutions from the inside.”

“The methodology works, the issue is what will happen without the amount of money from Venezuela at your disposal. That is why they create the Puebla Group and launch this new form of insurgency, which is best in Chile” , says Werlau.

Jorge Ignacio Pérez


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