A hundred countries pledge to emit less methane to tackle global warming, without China, India and Russia

Less methane to try to meet climate goals. It is the non-binding commitment that 103 countries have reached, but without some of the most polluting, such as China, Russia and India. The agreement was born in mid-September, when the United States and the EU launched the Global Commitment on Methane, an initiative to reduce global methane emissions “to keep the goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius within reach “, explains the Community Executive. A total of 103 countries, which represent 70% of the world economy and almost half of methane emissions, have already signed the commitment, as announced this Tuesday at COP26 in Glasgow by US President Joe Biden and the president of the Community Executive, Ursula von der Leyen.

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Methane is a potent greenhouse gas and, according to the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, is responsible for about half of the net 1.0 ° C increase in global average temperature since the pre-industrial era.

The rapid reduction of methane emissions is complementary to action on carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and is considered by the European Commission to be the most effective strategy to reduce global warming in the short term and keep the energy available. Aim of limiting warming to 1.5 ° C.

Countries that adhere to the Global Methane Pledge commit to achieving the collective goal of reducing global methane emissions by at least 30% from 2020 levels by 2030 and making progress in implementing the best available inventory methods to quantify methane emissions, with particular attention to high emission sources. Meeting the Undertaking would reduce warming by at least 0.2 ° C by 2050.

“Countries have highly variable emission profiles and reduction potentials, but all can contribute to reaching the collective global target through further emission reductions and international cooperation measures,” says the European Commission: “Among the main sources of emissions Methane includes oil and gas, coal, agriculture, and landfills.These sectors have different starting points and varying potential for short-term methane reduction: the energy sector offers the greatest potential for specific reduction for 2030 “.

Reducing methane brings important additional benefits, such as improved public health and agricultural productivity. According to the Global Methane Assessment of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), achieving the target set for 2030 can prevent more than 200,000 premature deaths, hundreds of thousands of visits asthma-related emergency services and more than 20 million tonnes of crop losses per year between now and 2030 thanks to reduced tropospheric ozone pollution caused in part by methane.

Signatory countries commit to a collective goal of reducing global methane emissions by at least 30% from 2020 levels by 2030, and using “best methodologies” to quantify methane emissions, particularly from high sources. issue.

The US and the EU have also announced that a group of “Global philanthropic organizations have pledged 328 million in funds for this type of methane mitigation strategies around the world. “The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the European Investment Bank and the Green Climate Fund have in turn committed themselves, according to Brussels, to supporting the commitment to technical assistance and project funding “The International Energy Agency will also act as an implementing partner,” says the European Commission.


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