A four-phase plan to return to normality in Israel

The Israel National Security Council has designed a plan to get out of the health emergency and revive the economy in four phases: the first to return to work will be the financial, technological and industrial sectors, and the rest will start progressively in the following stages.

A group of experts and academics has designed a model to regain normalcy after the severe measures to curb the coronavirus that have paralyzed the daily and economic life of the country, and that will be presented next week in Parliament for approval, reported today the Haaretz newspaper.


The plan contemplates a first stage in which workers in the financial, high-tech or industrial sectors – who employ more than 10% of the population – return to work adopting rules to prevent contagion: with masks, a distance of two meters and strict hygiene rules.

In this phase, public transport would also be expanded -now it works under minimums-, the special education or preschool centers could reopen and the offices of the public sector would resume their activity by 50%.


The next three stages would follow two weeks apart each.

The second step would be the opening of non-essential shops and businesses, currently closed, and the return to schools of children between 6 and 10 years old.


The next level includes a return to the classroom operation of schools for those over 10 years old, although it is recommended that universities continue the course in a virtual way.

The opening of cafes, bars and restaurants will also be allowed, although in these basic hygiene rules and social distance must be maintained.

Meetings in public spaces with large crowds will remain banned.


The last phase will only be adopted when the pandemic is under control, and plans to reopen the rest of leisure or cultural spaces, such as movie theaters or theaters. It will also be at this time when the return to shopping centers, the holding of sports competitions and the return of the circulation of passenger flights will be allowed. Thus, the return of tourism to the country is not expected until an advanced stage.

The plan, however, does not contemplate the expansion of freedom of movement at the same time for all citizens: the population at risk and those over 60 years of age should remain locked up as these phases progress and the authorities must define the way in which their isolation is alleviated.

This is the first official proposal disseminated in the country, although other organizations and study centers have made their own studies, to contribute to debate and decision-making.

Mathematicians from the University of Bar Ilán recently proposed a model to divide the population into two groups, which would alternate between isolation and routine activity each week to keep the economy active by 50% while half the country is cloistered, thus minimizing infections

Israel has been moderately affected by COVID-19, with 112 deaths and 11,235 confirmed infections. The Government has imposed the use of masks, closed the activity and closed the most affected towns, but is already looking for a way to reactivate the economy, which has suffered a severe blow with the end of tourism, the paralysis of industries and services and the increase unemployment from around 4% to 25%.


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