The hydrocarbons sector is very troubled. The reason, the plans of the Socialist Government to prevent the registration of gasoline and diesel vehicles in 2040 and its circulation in 2050, which will force to close hundreds of service stations in Spain. Their businessmen also do not see, as oil companies think, that the short-term solution is the electric car. And to top it all, taxes will rise and prices will rise.
Since January 1, and as approved by the Government of Mariano Rajoy, the former state tranche of the disappeared "green cent" of the Hydrocarbons tax applied by the majority of the autonomous communities with different types (between 0 and 4.8 euro cents per liter) is mandatory for all regions and with the highest rate: 4.8 cents per liter.
The border effect will disappear, but taxation increases and, therefore, prices. Víctor García, secretary general of Aeescam (Association of Service Station Operators of the Community of Madrid), tells ABC that "we ask on numerous occasions to eliminate that fiscal difference that transfers wealth and poverty from one region to another. For example, the gas stations of Castilla y León, when they had this tax, reduced their sales by 40% in benefit of the bordering communities. That the taxes are equal to us seems fine. And that they do it with the highest types, it's a political decision. "
Another increase in taxation is also planned, in this case announced by the Executive of Pedro Sánchez, and that will only affect gas oil. "If it's for environmental reasons, it does not make sense; if it is to equate its tax with that of gasoline, it is also a political decision, "says Víctor García. "The only thing we ask is that the rise does not affect the professionals because, among other issues, it will raise prices and, therefore, inflation."
He explains that "currently there are situations that are incongruent, like a luxury car with diesel engine pays less taxes on fuels that the citizen who has a small utility with a gasoline engine ».
Are you afraid that the government will raise a generalized and progressive rise in fuel taxes on the pretext that in most European countries they are higher than in Spain? "That's right, but it is also true that in those countries the average incomes are higher. In Spain, fuel taxes are paid equally by both the citizen who earns a thousand euros a month and the one who earns 10,000 euros. In any case, taxes have to be diversified, they must not leave the same site. In 2018, the State will collect about 18,000 million euros only with the Hydrocarbons tax ».
Regarding the prohibition to register gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040, the secretary general of Aeescam affirms that "it seems good that there is an energy transition, but this announcement It's a toast to the sun because we do not know what technological changes are going to be in the coming years; the less, it is risky ». In addition, he adds, the electric car still has a long way to go in Spain. «Today, citizens with average wages can not buy an electric car because of its high prices. You also have to take into account that only 30% of drivers have a garage and could not fill the streets with charging points ». The announcement made by the Ministry of Transition Ecology "has not been sensible for its serious impact on the powerful Spanish automobile industry."
The secretary general of Aeescam insists that «Diesel contaminates less than gasoline for two reasons: because new engines have reduced emissions almost entirely and because they consume less than gasoline. Those that pollute are the old cars and in Spain the car park has an average age of 12.5 years ».
Víctor García proposes that "instead of giving aid and subsidies to electric cars, which go to people with money, of high class, who give them to those who change their old car for a new one that barely contaminates".
Another issue that the service station businessmen do not like is the obligatory nature that the Government wants to impose for charging points for electric vehicles. "We do not close ourselves to having recharging points, but we do not understand their obligation; We are not an administrative concession, but private companies for which those facilities will be high ".
On this matter, it is worth noting that the charging points for gas are expensive, especially those of LNG (liquefied natural gas) used by large fleets of vans and trucks.