90% of Spaniards have not moved from their area of residence since the beginning of the confinement, according to the analysis of population mobility during the pandemic carried out by the National Institute of Statistics (INE).
Last April 16, when it was a month of alarm, the figure stood at more than 85%.
Powered by the Secretary of State for Digitization and Artificial Intelligence and powered by Esri, the DataCOVID study uses map applications and aggregated and anonymized data for the position of more than 80% of mobile phones throughout Spain.
Two map applications show, for specific dates, where the population that leaves their area of residence moves and where the population that is in each destination area comes from, with which the movement patterns can be visualized.
The data confirms a strong reduction in mobility and will be updated daily also during the de-escalation period of the measures put in place to control the pandemic.
The objective, explains the INE, is that the information is used for decision-making in the fight against COVID-19. With maps, for example, it is possible to know the areas in which there are more movements or those in which there is a higher concentration of population, useful information to manage the health crisis.
The INE has also developed comparative maps on the population that leaves their area of residence and that that reaches each destination with respect to the same date in 2019.
The data is available to the autonomous communities and the majority - the institute highlights the cases of the Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia, or the Community of Madrid - are already using them, for which the national territory has been divided into some 3,200 areas. different mobility.
Along with displacement maps, complementary sociodemographic information is also offered that can be useful for making decisions in a crisis that is not affecting the entire population equally.
According to the INE, it is especially important, for example, to be able to divide the population into analysis groups based on family composition, access to new technologies in homes or work activity, among other factors.
Thus, several maps have been drawn up that analyze, at the municipal level, the concentration of the population aged 60 years or over or that which is of school age.
In a statement, the deputy general director of Sociodemographic Statistics of the INE, Antonio Argüeso, praises the solution offered for this project by Esri, global leader in geographic information systems (GIS).
Smart maps, explains the company's CEO, Ángeles Villaescusa, are an "intuitive tool that allows us to understand the factor where, key in an emergency like the one we are going through."