8% of women who work or study in the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), the largest in Spain, claims to have suffered sexual harassment inside the campus. It is one of the data that reveals the first report on the reality of harassment in the university environment prepared by the UCM, a pioneering work to shed light on an issue about which the Academy speaks little of doors inside.
This survey has answered 21,000 people of more than 83,000 who are part of the university community Complutense. 18,990 students, 1,759 teachers and 751 administrative and service staff. Up to 149 people, of which 100 were women, 37 men and 12 were defined as of "another" identity (they do not feel clearly ascribed to the masculine or feminine gender) declared to have suffered non-consensual sexual relations within the university (0.9 % of the total). Other 103 – again mostly women, 62 – claimed to have suffered assaults or sexual assault with physical force (0.6% of respondents)
The director of the Institute for Women, Silvia Buavent, thanked the presentation of the work that the "courage" of the Complutense. "It is not usual for universities to do so," said Buavent, who asks the rest to "take note."
The feminist María Bustelo stressed that "the UCM is a place perceived as safer than the world in general, but not totally free of risks." He added that the "non-normative sexualities" are much more at risk of sexual harassment, a problem that is already being worked on by the Delegation of Diversity and Injury. "On the fact that the aggressors are usually men, he said:" It is a phenomenon that is not especially hierarchical, but hierarchical of gender ".
The questionnaire includes everything from the most minor to the most serious, and analyzes sexual harassment, sexism (against women) and sexual harassment. It begins asking if they have made jokes, jokes or offensive remarks with sexual intent or leering or lewd gestures; if they have suffered touching, pressure to obtain sexual favors or have experienced abuses with non-consensual sexual relations or sexual aggression with physical force. One out of every four people surveyed has had to listen to jokes, jokes or insults of a sexual nature or lewd gestures and looks. 18.5% made comments or unwanted sexual observations and 4.2% had to endure unwanted touching.
"We have to set an example, be pioneers", said the rector of the Complutense, Carlos Andradas, in the presentation of the report, of which they have only sent a summary at the moment with the promise of publishing it next week on their website. He admits that they approached the work with "some fear" because it included "certain things that had never been asked." And that "unfortunately they are still a bit taboo." But he stresses that it is one of the surveys that has received the most and has received the most It will serve as a diagnosis to establish guidelines for an action plan, according to the rector.
María Bustelo, delegate of the Rector for Equality in the Complutense and responsible for the report, highlights that 79% of the stalkers referred to by the survey are known to the victims reflects that they are "normalized" situations. The work also highlights that the university is a place perceived as "safer than the world in general". In 88% of the cases the aggressor was male and in more than half of the cases (54.4%) someone of similar rank, without direct hierarchical relationship.
With regard to sexist discrimination, the report states that one in four women considers that their contributions or comments were ignored because they were, another 24.3% have ridiculed them and one in three believe that they have less work presence. his feminine condition. Regarding discrimination based on sexual orientation, 97.4% of the people declared that they do not assign them tasks based on prejudices related to this orientation. More than half of the members of the university who define themselves as homosexual or bisexual have heard homophobic humor that has been offensive.